See what makes April 12 special at Famous Daily.
History, birthdays, holiday, and a quote!
What happened on April 12
- April 12, 0467 Anthemius is elevated to Emperor of the Western Roman Empire
- April 12, 1204 4th Crusade sacks Constantinople
- April 12, 1606 England adopts the Union Jack as its flag
- April 12, 1606 The Union Flag is adopted as the flag of Great Britain.
- April 12, 1633 The formal inquest of Galileo Galilei by the Inquisition begins.
- April 12, 1770 Townsend Acts repealed
- April 12, 1776 Halifax resolution for independence adopted by North Carolina
- April 12, 1776 North Carolina's Provincial Congress authorized its delegates to the Second Continental Congress to vote for independence by issuing the Halifax Resolves.
- April 12, 1787 Philadelphia's Free African Society forms
- April 12, 1811 "First US colonists on Pacific coast arrive at Cape Disappointment, WA"
- April 12, 1820 "Alexander Ypsilantis is declared leader of Filiki Eteria, a secret organisation to overthrow Ottoman rule over Greece."
- April 12, 1838 Rebel Col. Samuel Lount and Captain Peter Matthews publicly hanged for treason and sedition during the Rebellion of 1837 in Upper Canada
- April 12, 1859 Hibernia Savings and Loan Society of SF incorporates
- April 12, 1861 "American Civil War: The war begins with Confederate forces firing on Fort Sumter, in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina."
- April 12, 1861 "Fort Sumter, SC is shelled by Confederacy, starting the Civil War"
- April 12, 1862 "James Andrews steals Confederate train (General) at Kennesaw, GA"
- April 12, 1864 "American Civil War: Fort Pillow massacre -- Confederate forces under General Nathan Bedford Forrest kill most of the African American soldiers who had surrendered at Fort Pillow, Tennessee."
- April 12, 1864 "Confederate Gen Nathan Bedford Forrest captures Fort Pillow, Tn"
- April 12, 1865 "American Civil War: Mobile, Alabama, falls to the Union Army."
- April 12, 1869 North Carolina legislature passes anti-Klan Law
- April 12, 1876 "Founding of Beaver Steamship Line, formerly the Canadian Shipping Co., with three new iron-screw steamers to replace the old sailing ships; the Montreal to Liverpool service is sold to the CPR in 1903, and is the origin of CP Ships."
- April 12, 1877 "British annex Transvaal, in South Africa"
- April 12, 1877 The United Kingdom annexes the Transvaal.
- April 12, 1898 Army transfers Yerba Buena Island in SF Bay to Navy
- April 12, 1905 Hippodrome arena opens (NYC)
- April 12, 1908 "Fire makes 17,000 homeless in Chelsea Massachusetts"
- April 12, 1909 Philadelphia's Shibe Park (later Connie Mack Stadium) opens
- April 12, 1911 A non-stop London-Paris flight takes 3h56m the first time
- April 12, 1911 LT Theodore Ellyson qualifies as first naval aviator
- April 12, 1917 World War I: Canadian forces successfully complete the taking of Vimy Ridge from the Germans. It is also considered a major event in Canadian history for the primary role Canadian forces played in the attack.
- April 12, 1927 "April 12 Incident: Chiang Kai-shek orders the CPC members executed in Shanghai, ending the First United Front (China)."
- April 12, 1934 "Highest velocity wind ever recorded on Mt Washington, NH, 231 mph"
- April 12, 1934 "The Auto-Lite Strike, which culminated in a five-day melee between Ohio National Guard troops and 6,000 strikers and picketers, began."
- April 12, 1934 "The strongest surface wind gust in the world, 231 mph, was measured by the staff of the Mount Washington Observatory on the summit of Mount Washington"
- April 12, 1934 Winds gust to 231 MPH on Mount Washington NH
- April 12, 1935 A Royal Proclamation sets design of Canada's new Jubilee Silver Dollar.
- April 12, 1935 First flight of the Bristol Blenheim.
- April 12, 1937 "Sir Frank Whittle ground-tests the first jet engine designed to power an aircraft, at the British Thomson-Houston factory in Rugby, England."
- April 12, 1938 US law requiring medical tests for marriage licenses (NY)
- April 12, 1939 G Kulin discovers asteroid #1489 Attila
- April 12, 1945 "General Eisenhower is shown the first cave where the Nazis hoarded $250 million in captured treasures, one half-mile under the earth's surface."
- April 12, 1945 President Franklin D. Roosevelt dies while in office; vice-president Harry S. Truman is sworn in as the 33rd President of the United States.
- April 12, 1946 Syria gains independence from France
- April 12, 1951 Huge forest fire accidentally started in Friesach Austria by two brothers aged 9 and 11.
- April 12, 1954 "Billy Haley records ""Rock Around the Clock"""
- April 12, 1954 "Joe Turner releases ""Shake, Rattle and Roll"""
- April 12, 1955 Salk polio vaccine safe and effective;
- April 12, 1955 "The polio vaccine, developed by Dr. Jonas Salk, is declared safe and effective."
- April 12, 1961 Human spaceflight: Yuri Gagarin became the first human to travel into space in Vostok 3KA-2 (Vostok 1).
- April 12, 1961 Ray Charles wins 4 Grammys
- April 12, 1961 Yuri Alexeyevich Gagarin becomes first person to orbit Earth (Vostok 1) I have a book issued by the USSR on his flight
- April 12, 1962 "U.S. Navy demonstrates new landing craft with retractable hydrofoils, LCVP (H)"
- April 12, 1963 "Beatles ""From Me to You"" is released in UK"
- April 12, 1963 Birmingham police use dogs and cattle prods on peaceful demonstrators
- April 12, 1963 The Soviet nuclear powered submarine K-33 collides with the Finnish merchant vessel M/S Finnclipper in the Danish straits. Although both vessels are severely damaged both can make it to port.
- April 12, 1966 Rocker Jan Berry crashes his corvette into a parked truck
- April 12, 1968 "Nerve gas accident at Skull Valley, Utah."
- April 12, 1969 "Simon and Garfunkel releases ""Boxer"""
- April 12, 1975 "Linda Ronstadt releases ""When Will I Be Loved"""
- April 12, 1975 Operation Eagle Pull evacuation from Cambodia
- April 12, 1979 Soyuz 33 returns to Earth
- April 12, 1980 Number one hit on UK music charts - Detroit Spinners - Working My Way Back To You - Forgive Me Girl
- April 12, 1980 "Samuel Doe takes control of Liberia in a coup d'etat, ending over 130 years of democratic presidential succession in that country."
- April 12, 1980 "Terry Fox begins his ""Marathon of Hope"" by dipping his artificial leg into the Atlantic at St. John's, Newfoundland."
- April 12, 1981 "First launching of re-useable Space Shuttle Columbia (STS-1) with all Navy crew. CAPT John W. Young, USN (Ret.) commanded, while LCDR Robert L. Crippen, USN was the pilot. Mission duration was 2 days, 6 hours, and 20 minutes. Sixteen of the shuttle's heat-shielding silicon tiles were lost and 148 damaged during reentry."
- April 12, 1981 Human spaceflight: The first launch of a Space Shuttle: Columbia launches on the STS-1 mission.
- April 12, 1982 3 CBS employees shot to death in NYC parking lot
- April 12, 1982 "Ottawa bans imports from Argentina, to protest invasion of Falkland Islands."
- April 12, 1983 Harold Washington becomes Chicago's first black mayor
- April 12, 1985 16th Shuttle Mission (51D)-Discovery 4 launched-with Senator Jake Garn
- April 12, 1985 US Olympic Committee endorses a boycott of the Moscow games
- April 12, 1987 Texaco files for brankruptcy
- April 12, 1989 Peter Ueberroth deal to purchase Eastern Airlines falls through
- April 12, 1990 Greyhound Bus hires new drivers to replace strikers
- April 12, 1990 "opening of Jim Gary's Twentieth Century Dinosaurs exhibition, the work of the only living sculptor ever invited to present a solo exhibition at the Smithsonian Institution National Museum of Natural History in Washington, D.C."
- April 12, 1991 "2,500th episode of Entertainment Tonight airs"
- April 12, 1991 US announces closing of 31 major US military bases
- April 12, 1992 Earthquake rocks Germany
- April 12, 1992 Euro Disney opens in Marne-la-Vallee France
- April 12, 1992 Lynn Gunther of Calif threatens to blow herself up in front of UN
- April 12, 1992 Trump Shuttle becomes US Air Shuttle
- April 12, 1993 Aircraft from USS Theodore Roosevelt and NATO forces begin enforcing the no-fly zone over the Bosnia in Operation Deny Flight
- April 12, 1994 Canter & Siegel post the first commercial mass Usenet spam.
- April 12, 1998 "An earthquake in Slovenia, measuring 5.6 on the Richter scale near the town of Bovec."
- April 12, 1998 "In Austria a 6.0 earthquake resulted in the death of one person of a heart attack at Bovec, Slovenia."
- April 12, 1999 "American President Bill Clinton was cited for contempt of court for giving ""intentionally false statements"" in the Paula Jones sexual harassment civil lawsuit."
- April 12, 2002 "Pedro Carmona becomes interim President of Venezuela during the Venezuelan coup attempt of 2002, a military coup against Hugo Chvez."
- April 12, 2007 "The Kremlin vetos an investigation into the death of Yuri Gagarin, who was the first man in space."