See what makes August 9 special at Famous Daily.
History, birthdays, holiday, and a quote!
What happened on August 9
- August 9, 0048 BC - Caesar's civil war: Battle of Pharsalus - Julius Caesar decisively defeats Pompey at Pharsalus and Pompey flees to Egypt.
- August 9, 0378 Gothic War: Battle of Adrianople - A large Roman army led by Emperor Valens is defeated by the Visigoths in present-day Turkey. Valens is killed along with over half of his army.
- August 9, 0681 "Bulgaria is founded as a Khanate on the south bank of the Danube, after defeating the Byzantine armies of Emperor Constantine IV south of the Danube delta."
- August 9, 1048 "Pope Damasus II dies in Rome, after reigning for only 23 days."
- August 9, 1173 "Construction of the Tower of Pisa begins, and it takes two centuries to complete."
- August 9, 1483 Opening of the Sistine Chapel
- August 9, 1638 Jonas Bronck of Holland becomes first European settler in the Bronx
- August 9, 1666 "Rear Admiral Robert Holmes leads a raid on the Dutch island of Terschelling, destroying 150 merchant ships in the Vlie estuary, and pillaging the town of West-Terschelling, an act later knkown as ""Holmes's Bonfire""."
- August 9, 1673 Dutch recapture NY from English; regained by English in 1674
- August 9, 1778 Capt Cook passes through Bering Strait
- August 9, 1786 First ascent of Mt Blanc
- August 9, 1790 Columbia becomes first US flagged ship to voyage around the world
- August 9, 1803 First horses arrive in Hawaii
- August 9, 1810 Napoleon annexes Westphalia as part of the First French Empire.
- August 9, 1831 First US steam engine train run
- August 9, 1842 US-Canada border defined
- August 9, 1842 "Webster-Ashburton Treaty is signed, establishing the United States-Canada border east of the Rocky Mountains."
- August 9, 1848 Barnburners (anti-slavery) party merges with the Free Soil Party
- August 9, 1849 Hungarian Republic crushed by Austria & Russia
- August 9, 1855 Battle of Acapulco during Mexican Liberal uprising
- August 9, 1877 Indian Wars: Battle of Big Hole - A small band of Nez Perc Indians clash with the United States Army.
- August 9, 1902 Edward VII is crowned king of the United Kingdom.
- August 9, 1907 The first Boy Scout encampment concludes at Brownsea Island in Southern England.
- August 9, 1918 "Cpl. Alexander P. Brereton (8th Cdn. Infantry Batt.) wins the Victoria Cross at Amiens, France"
- August 9, 1918 "Cpl. Frederick G. Coppins (8th Cdn. Infantry Batt.) wins the Victoria Cross at Amiens, France"
- August 9, 1918 "Cpl. Harry G. B. Miner (58th Cdn. Infantry Batt.) wins the Victoria Cross at Amiens, France"
- August 9, 1918 "Cpl. Joseph Kaeble (22nd Cdn. Infantry Batt.) wins the Victoria Cross at Amiens, France"
- August 9, 1918 "Lt. James E. Tait (78th Cdn. Infantry Batt.) wins the Victoria Cross at Amiens, France"
- August 9, 1918 "Lt. Jean Brillant (22nd Cdn. Infantry Batt.) wins the Victoria Cross at Amiens, France"
- August 9, 1918 "Sgt. Raphael Louis Zengel (5th Cdn. infanctry Batt.) wins the Victoria Cross at Amiens, France"
- August 9, 1930 Betty Boop debutes in Max Fleischer's animated cartoon Dizzy Dishes
- August 9, 1936 Jesse Owens wins 4th gold medal of Berlin Olympics
- August 9, 1936 Summer Olympic Games: Games of the XI Olympiad: Jesse Owens wins his fourth gold medal at the games becoming the first American to win four medals in one Olympiad.
- August 9, 1942 "HMAS CANBERRA (RAN) sunk in the South West Pacific, SE of Savo Island off northern Guadalcanal, Solomon Islands - by torpedoes and 8in gunfire of Japanese cruiser force."
- August 9, 1942 HMAS Canberra sunk in battle of Savo Island
- August 9, 1942 "Indian leader, Mahatma Gandhi is arrested in Bombay by British forces, launching the Quit India Movement."
- August 9, 1944 The United States Forest Service and the Wartime Advertising Council release posters featuring Smokey Bear for the first time.
- August 9, 1945 "A second atomic bomb is dropped on Nagasaki; Soviets declare war on Japan, attacking Manchuria."
- August 9, 1945 "Lt. Robert H. Gray (Royal Cdn. Naval Volunteer Reserve) wins the Victoria Cross at Onagawa BAy Honshu, Japan"
- August 9, 1945 "World War II: Nagasaki is devastated when an atomic bomb, ""Fat Man"", is dropped by the United States B-29 Bockscar. 70,000 people are killed instantly."
- August 9, 1949 "The first use in the United States of a pilot-ejection seat for an emergency escape, was made by Lieutenant J. L. Fruin of VF-171 from an F2H-1 Banshee while making over 500 knots in the vicinity of Walterboro, S.C."
- August 9, 1960 Race riot in Jacksonville Florida
- August 9, 1961 James B Parsons is first black appointed to Federal District Court
- August 9, 1965 "A fire at a Titan missile base near Little Rock, Arkansas kills 53 construction workers."
- August 9, 1965 Singapore gains independence from Malaysia
- August 9, 1965 Singapore seceded from Malaysia and gained independence.
- August 9, 1967 Number one hit on UK music charts - Scott McKenzie - San Francisco (Be Sure To Wear Some Flowers In Your Hair) I
- August 9, 1969 Manson family commits Tate-LaBianca murders
- August 9, 1969 "Members of a cult led by Charles Manson brutally murder pregnant actress Sharon Tate (wife of Roman Polanski), coffee heiress Abigail Folger, Polish actor Wojciech Frykowski, men's hairstylist Jay Sebring, and recent high-school graduate Steven Parent at 10050 Cielo Drive in Los Angeles, California."
- August 9, 1970 Peruvian Airlines jet carrying 45 US exchange students explodes
- August 9, 1972 Rockwell receives NASA contract to construct the Space Shuttle
- August 9, 1973 USSR launches Mars 7
- August 9, 1974 "As a direct result of the Watergate scandal, Richard Nixon becomes the first President of the United States to resign from office. His Vice President, Gerald Ford, becomes president."
- August 9, 1974 "Richard Nixon resigns presidency, VP Gerald Ford becomes 38th pres"
- August 9, 1975 Number one hit on UK music charts - Typically Tropical - Barbados
- August 9, 1976 "USSR launches Luna 24, last Lunar flight to date from Earth"
- August 9, 1980 Number one hit on UK music charts - Abba - The Winner Takes It All
- August 9, 1986 The Headington Shark is erected in Oxford.
- August 9, 1987 "9 people are shot dead and 17 more injured as 19-year old Julian Knight opens fire at random in the Hoddle Street Massacre in the Melbourne suburb of Clifton Hill, in Australia."
- August 9, 1988 Edmonton Oilers trade Wayne Gretzky to LA Kings for $15-$20 millions
- August 9, 1990 12 Arab leaders agree to send pan-Arab forces to protect Saudi Arabia
- August 9, 1992 "25th Olympic Summer games close in Barcelona, Spain"
- August 9, 1993 King Albert II of Belgium is sworn into office.
- August 9, 1993 The Liberal Democratic Party of Japan loses a 38-year hold on national leadership.
- August 9, 1995 Grateful Dead singer and guitarist Jerry Garcia dies of a heart attack - USA
- August 9, 1999 "Russian President Boris Yeltsin fires his Prime Minister, Sergei Stepashin, and for the fourth time fires his entire cabinet."
- August 9, 1999 The Diet of Japan enacts a law establishing the Hinomaru and Kimi Ga Yo as the official national flag and national anthem.
- August 9, 2001 "In Jerusalem, 15 people die and 130 are wounded in the Sbarro restaurant suicide bombing."
- August 9, 2001 US President George W. Bush announces his support for federal funding of limited research on embryonic stem cells.
- August 9, 2004 "At the Mihama Nuclear Power Plant, a pipe leaking hot water and steam kills 5 and injures 6 others. It is the worst nuclear disaster of Japan."
- August 9, 2005 "A chemical plant explosion happened at the EQ Recovery Plant in Romulus, Michigan, forcing residents within 1 to 1 mile radius from the plant to evacuate."
- August 9, 2007 The Fed pumps $24 Billion into the U.S. banking system through large purchases of securities. The European Central Bank makes a record cash injection of $130 billion into its markets to shake off credit fears. The Fed pumps another $38 billion in temporary reserves into the U.S. financial system the following day
- August 9, 2008 "Jewish Holiday - Tish'a B'Av - Work should be avoided. Consult a Rabbi if this is not possible. August 9-10, 2008"
- August 9, 2009 A 6.9 magnitude earthquake hits Tokyo and eastern Japan.
- August 9, 2009 "A Kam Air plane bound for the Xinjiang Autonomous Region in northwestern China is diverted to Kandahar, Afghanistan after an earlier alleged bomb threat."
- August 9, 2009 A million people are evacuated in southeastern China as Typhoon Morakot approaches.
- August 9, 2009 "A same-sex marriage demonstration occurs outside the Department of Justice, Equality and Law Reform in Dublin."
- August 9, 2009 "A senior General from the Iranian Revolutionary Guard calls for opposition leaders Mohammad Khatami, Mir Hossein Mousavi and Mehdi Karroubi to stand trial."
- August 9, 2009 At least 43 people are feared dead after a massive mudslide sweeps away three hamlets in northern India.
- August 9, 2009 Former Taoiseach of Ireland Garret FitzGerald is among twenty Irish nationals who are quarantined at a French chateau due to swine flu.
- August 9, 2009 "Seventeen people, including five children, are killed when a crowded bus crashes into a ditch after being side-swiped by an oncoming heavy truck in Mount Darwin, Zimbabwe."
- August 9, 2009 South African opposition parties call on President Jacob Zuma to withdraw Sandile Ngcobo as Chief Justice because he failed to consult the opposition and Judicial Service Committee.
- August 9, 2009 Sri Lanka's governing coalition wins in Jaffna but suffers a surprise defeat in Vavuniya in the country's first post-war local elections.
- August 9, 2009 The last of three men who escaped from a Belgian jail on board a hijacked helicopter are recaptured in Morocco.
- August 9, 2009 "Three bombs explode on the island of Majorca, Spain. (Bloomberg)"
- August 9, 2009 Tonga raises the death toll from the MV Princess Ashika sinking to 93.