See what makes August 19 special at Famous Daily.
History, birthdays, holiday, and a quote!
What happened on August 19
- August 19, 0043 "BC - Octavian, later known as Augustus, compels the senate to elect him Consul."
- August 19, 1099 Crusaders beat Saracens in Battle of Ascalon
- August 19, 1263 King James I or Argon censors Hebrew writings
- August 19, 1504 Battle of Knockdoe.
- August 19, 1561 "An 18-year-old Mary Queen of Scots returns to Scotland, after spending 13 years in France."
- August 19, 1561 Mary Proclaimed Queen of Scots
- August 19, 1692 "Salem witch trials: In Salem, Massachusetts, Province of Massachusetts Bay five people, one woman and four men, including a clergyman, are executed after being convicted of witchcraft."
- August 19, 1745 "Jacobite Rising, Prince Charles Edward Stuart lands from a French warship in Glenfinnan, raises his standard and marches on London - the start of the Second Jacobite Rebellion known as ""the 45""."
- August 19, 1768 "Saint Isaac's Cathedral is founded in Saint Petersburg, Russia."
- August 19, 1787 "W Herschel discovers Enceladus, a moon of Saturn"
- August 19, 1812 USS Constitution captures HMS Guerriere. Lucy Brewer served on board Consituation as Nicolas Baker during this battle.
- August 19, 1813 Gervasio Antonio de Posadas joins Argentina's second triumvirate.
- August 19, 1818 CAPT James Biddle takes possession of Oregon Territory for U.S.
- August 19, 1826 Canada Co chartered to colonize Upper Canada (Ontario)
- August 19, 1839 Presentation of Jacque Daguerre's new photographic process to the French Academy of Sciences.
- August 19, 1848 California Gold Rush: The New York Herald breaks the news to the East Coast of the United States of the gold rush in California (although the rush started in January).
- August 19, 1862 "Indian Wars: During an uprising in Minnesota, Lakota warriors decide not to attack heavily-defended Fort Ridgely and instead turn to the settlement of New Ulm, killing white settlers along the way."
- August 19, 1888 "First beauty contest (Spa, Belgium), 18 yr old West Indian wins"
- August 19, 1891 William Huggins describes astronomical application of spectrum
- August 19, 1895 "American frontier murderer and outlaw, John Wesley Hardin, is killed by an off-duty policeman in a saloon in El Paso, Texas."
- August 19, 1903 Phillies suffer record 9th straight posponed game
- August 19, 1909 First race at the Indianapolis 500 Speedway
- August 19, 1917 Sunday benefit baseball game at the Polo Grounds results in John McGraw andChristy Mathewson's arrest
- August 19, 1919 Afghanistan gains full independence from the United Kingdom.
- August 19, 1927 Metropolitan Sergius proclaimed the declaration of loyalty of the Russian Orthodox Church to the Soviet state.
- August 19, 1934 Helen Hull Jacobs win US Lawn Tennis Association
- August 19, 1934 Plebiscite in Germany approved sole executive power to Adolph Hitler
- August 19, 1934 The creation of the position Fhrer approved by the German electorate with 89.9% of the popular vote.
- August 19, 1934 "The first All-American Soap Box Derby is held in Dayton, Ohio."
- August 19, 1942 "1,000 Canadian and British soldiers killed raiding Dieppe, France"
- August 19, 1942 "First American offensive in Pacific in WW2, Guadalcanal, Solomon Is"
- August 19, 1942 "Honorary Capt. John Weir Foote (Cdn. Chaplain Service) wins the Victoria Cross at Dieppe, France"
- August 19, 1942 "Lt.-Colonel Charles C.I. Merritt (The South Saksatchewan Regiment) wins the Victoria Corss at Dieppe, France"
- August 19, 1944 World War II: Liberation of Paris - Paris rises against German occupation with the help of Allied troops.
- August 19, 1945 "Vietnam War: Viet Minh led by Ho Chi Minh take power in Hanoi, Vietnam."
- August 19, 1950 ABC begins Saturday morning kid shows (Animal Clinic and Acrobat Ranch)
- August 19, 1953 Cold War: The CIA helps to overthrow the government of Mohammed Mossadegh in Iran and reinstate the Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.
- August 19, 1954 Ralph J Bunche named undersecretary of UN
- August 19, 1955 Hurricane Diane kills 200 and is the first billion $ damage storm (N.E. US)
- August 19, 1955 "In the Northeast United States, severe flooding caused by Hurricane Diane, claims 200 lives."
- August 19, 1958 NAACP Youth Council begin sit-ins at Oklahoma City Lunch counters
- August 19, 1960 American U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers sentenced to ten years in a Soviet prison for espionage
- August 19, 1960 "Cold War: In Moscow, downed American U-2 pilot Francis Gary Powers is sentenced to ten years imprisonment by the Soviet Union for espionage."
- August 19, 1960 "Sputnik 5 carries 2 dogs, 3 mice into orbit (later recovered alive)"
- August 19, 1960 "Sputnik program: Sputnik 5 - The Soviet Union launches the satellite with the dogs Belka and Strelka, 40 mice, 2 rats and a variety of plants."
- August 19, 1965 Japanese prime minister Eisaku Sato becomes the first post-World War II sitting prime minister to visit Okinawa.
- August 19, 1967 "Beatles' ""All You Need is Love,"" single goes #1"
- August 19, 1967 Operation Coronado IV begins in Mekong Delta
- August 19, 1973 Pirate World Music Radio (Holland) closes down after 10 years
- August 19, 1975 The cricket test match between England and Australia is called off after the pitch is vandalised by supporters of George Davis.
- August 19, 1976 Pres Gerald R Ford won Republican pres nomination at KC convention
- August 19, 1978 422 die in an arson fire at a movie theater in Iran
- August 19, 1978 First transatlantic balloon crossing in history finishes in Paris
- August 19, 1978 Number one hit on UK music charts - Commodores - Three Times A Lady
- August 19, 1979 Crew of Soyuz 32 returns to Earth aboard Soyuz 34 aft 175 d flight
- August 19, 1980 "Saudi Arabian Lockheed Tristar crashes on landing at Riyadh, 301 die"
- August 19, 1980 "Saudia Flight 163, a Lockheed L-1011 TriStar burns after making an emergency landing at King Khalid International Airport in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, killing 301 people."
- August 19, 1981 2 VF-41 aircraft from USS Nimitz shoot down 2 Libyan aircraft which fired on them over international waters
- August 19, 1981 Gulf of Sidra Incident: United States fighters intercept and shoot down two Libyan Sukhoi Su-22 fighter jets over the Gulf of Sidra.
- August 19, 1982 "Renaldo Nehemiah of US sets record for 110 m hurdles, 12.93 sec"
- August 19, 1982 "Soyuz T-7 launched, Svetlana Savtiskaya 2nd woman in space"
- August 19, 1983 LSU footballer Billy Cannon sentenced to 5 yrs for counterfeiting
- August 19, 1984 Lee Trevino wins the PGA
- August 19, 1985 "Japan launches its 2nd probe of Halley's Comet, Suisei"
- August 19, 1987 "Hungerford Massacre: In the United Kingdom, Michael Ryan kills sixteen people with an assault rifle and then commits suicide."
- August 19, 1988 Iran-Iraq begin a cease-fire in their 8-year-old war (11 PM EDT)
- August 19, 1989 Polish president Wojciech Jaruzelski nominates Solidarity activist Tadeusz Mazowiecki to be the first non-communist Prime Minister in 42 years.
- August 19, 1989 "Raid on offshore pirate station, Radio Caroline in North Sea by British and Dutch governments."
- August 19, 1989 "Tadeusz Mazowiecki, elected first non-communmist president of Poland"
- August 19, 1990 "Leonard Bernstein conducts his final concert, ending with Ludwig van Beethoven's Symphony No. 7."
- August 19, 1991 "Collapse of the Soviet Union, August Coup: Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev placed under house arrest while on holiday in the town of Foros, Crimea."
- August 19, 1991 Coup in Russia deposes Mikhail Gorbachev
- August 19, 1997 The Teamsters end their 15-day walkout against United Parcel Service.
- August 19, 1999 "In Belgrade, tens of thousands of Serbians rally to demand the resignation of Federal Republic of Yugoslavia President Slobodan Miloevi."
- August 19, 1999 Panasonic anounces the first Progressive Scan DVD player
- August 19, 2002 "A Russian Mi-26 helicopter carrying troops is hit by a Chechen missile outside of Grozny, killing 118 soldiers."
- August 19, 2003 A car-bomb attack on United Nations headquarters in Iraq kills the agency's top envoy Sergio Vieira de Mello and 21 other employees.
- August 19, 2003 "A Hamas planned suicide attack on a bus in Jerusalem kills 23 Israelis, 7 of them children in the Jerusalem bus 2 massacre."
- August 19, 2005 A series of strong storms lash Southern Ontario spawning several tornadoes as well as ceating extreme flash flooding within the city of Toronto and its surrounding communities.
- August 19, 2005 "The first-ever joint military exercise between Russia and China, called Peace Mission 2005 begins."