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    What happened on July 2

    • July 2, 0626 "In fear of assassination, Li Shimin ambushes and kills his rival brothers Li Yuanji and Li Jiancheng in the Incident at Xuanwu Gate. On September 4, Shimin's father abdicated to him, and so Shimin became Emperor Taizong of Tang, Emperor of China."

    • July 2, 0963 The imperial army proclaims Nicephorus Phocas to be Emperor of the Romans on the plains outside Cappadocian Caesarea.

    • July 2, 1298 The Battle of Gllheim is fought between Albert I of Habsburg and Adolf of Nassau-Weilburg.

    • July 2, 1561 "Menas, Emperor of Ethiopia defeats a revolt in Emfraz."

    • July 2, 1566 "Nostradamus French astrologer/physician/prophet, dies in Salon"

    • July 2, 1578 Martin Frobisher sights Baffin Island.

    • July 2, 1582 Battle of Yamazaki: Toyotomi Hideyoshi defeats Akechi Mitsuhide.

    • July 2, 1613 First English expedition from Massachusetts against Acadia - led by Samuel Argall.

    • July 2, 1644 Battle of Marston Moor; Parliamentary forces defeat royalists

    • July 2, 1644 English Civil War: Battle of Marston Moor.

    • July 2, 1644 "William Gascoigne introduced telescopic sights, is killed at 24"

    • July 2, 1679 Europeans first visit Minnesota and see headwaters of Mississippi - led by Daniel Greysolon de Du Luth.

    • July 2, 1776 "Continental Congress resolves ""these United Colonies are & of right ought to be Free & Independent States"""

    • July 2, 1776 "The Continental Congress adopts a resolution severing ties with Great Britain, though a public Declaration of Independence is not formally printed for the masses until July 4."

    • July 2, 1777 Vermont becomes first American colony to abolish slavery

    • July 2, 1777 Vermont becomes the first American territory to abolish slavery.

    • July 2, 1787 de Sade shouts from Bastille that prisoners are being slaughtered

    • July 2, 1798 "John Fitch American inventor, clockmaker, etc, dies"

    • July 2, 1808 "Simon Fraser completes his trip down the Fraser River , BC, and lands at Musqueam"

    • July 2, 1808 Simon Fraser reaches Pacific near New Westminster.

    • July 2, 1822 "Denmark Vesey & 5 aides hanged at Blake's Landing, Charleston, SC"

    • July 2, 1823 """Bahia Independence Day"" - the end of Portuguese rule in Brazil, with the final defeat of the diehard Portuguese crown loyalists in the province of Bahia."

    • July 2, 1839 "Twenty miles off the coast of Cuba, 53 rebelling African slaves led by Joseph Cinque take over the slave ship Amistad."

    • July 2, 1843 An alligator falls from the sky during a Charleston SC thunderstorm

    • July 2, 1847 "Envelope bearing the first US 10. stamps, still exists today"

    • July 2, 1850 The self-contained gas mask is patented by Benjamin J. Lane.

    • July 2, 1853 "The Russian Army invades Turkey, beginning the Crimean War."

    • July 2, 1858 Partial emancipation of Russian serfs

    • July 2, 1862 Lincoln signs act granting land for state agricultural colleges

    • July 2, 1863 Battle of Gettysburg (2nd day)

    • July 2, 1864 Gen Early & Confederate forces reach Winchester

    • July 2, 1864 Statuary Hall in US Capitol established

    • July 2, 1867 "The first US elevated railroad begins service, NYC"

    • July 2, 1878 The Brighton Beach Line (now the BMT Brighton Line) opens in the then-city of Brooklyn.

    • July 2, 1881 "Charles J. Guiteau shoots and fatally wounds U.S. President James Garfield, who eventually dies from infection on September 19."

    • July 2, 1881 Pres Garfield shot by Charles J Guiteau a disappointed office-seeker

    • July 2, 1885 Canada's North-west Insurrection ends with surrender of Big Bear

    • July 2, 1890 Sherman Antitrust Act prohibits industrial monopolies

    • July 2, 1890 "The Sherman Anti-Trust Act passed by Congress, it curtails the powers of U.S. business monopolies:"

    • July 2, 1894 Government obtains injunction against striking Pullman Workers

    • July 2, 1900 "Count Ferdinand von Zeppelin first airship LZ-1, flies"

    • July 2, 1900 "First zeppelin flight on Lake Constance near Friedrichshafen, Germany."

    • July 2, 1900 "Retired German general Ferdinand von Zeppelin, 62, launches the first rigid airship"

    • July 2, 1902 John J McGraw becomes manager of NY Giants (stays for 30 years)

    • July 2, 1917 "Forty-eight die in rioting in East St. Louis, Illinois, as lower-paid black laborers clash with whites."

    • July 2, 1918 "Prime Minister William Morris Hughes, the ""Little Digger"", addresses Australian troops on the Western Front before the Battle of Hamel, France"

    • July 2, 1923 "Commissioning of Naval Research Laboratory, Washington, DC."

    • July 2, 1926 Distinguished Flying Cross authorized by Congress.

    • July 2, 1926 US Army Air Corps created; Distinguish Flying Cross authorized

    • July 2, 1927 The first American to win Wimbeldon in 20 years (Helen Wills Moody)

    • July 2, 1932 FDR makes first presidential nominating conventional acceptance speech

    • July 2, 1935 Great Britain boxers beat US team in first intl Golden Gloves

    • July 2, 1937 Amelia Earhart & Fred Noonan disappear over Pacific Ocean

    • July 2, 1937 Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan disappear over the Pacific Ocean while attempting to make the first equatorial round-the-world flight.

    • July 2, 1938 Helen Wills Moody (US) wins her 8th & final Wimbeldon singles

    • July 2, 1940 Indian independence leader Subhas Chandra Bose arrested and detained in Calcutta.

    • July 2, 1940 Lake Washington (Seattle) Floating bridge dedicated

    • July 2, 1940 "The Arandora Star was torpedoed en route to Canada, survirors rescued by HMCS ST. Laurent"

    • July 2, 1941 "Nazi massacre of Jews in Lutsk, Ukraine. Jewish men were summoned for work, about 2000 of them were taken to the Lubart Fortress and murdered. German soldiers from rearguard units stationed in the city participated in the murder."

    • July 2, 1943 "Lt Charles Hall, becomes first black pilot to shoot down Nazi plane"

    • July 2, 1945 "USS Barb (SS-220) bombards Japanese installations on Kaihyo Island, Japan; first successful use of rockets against shore positions."

    • July 2, 1946 "Anthony Overton publisher/cosmetics manufacturer/banker, dies at 81"

    • July 2, 1946 Establishment of VX-3 to evaluate adaptability of helicopters to naval purposes.

    • July 2, 1947 "An object speculated to be a UFO crashes near Roswell, New Mexico, though the United States Air Force claims it is a weather balloon."

    • July 2, 1950 Henri Queuille becomes Prime Minister of France.

    • July 2, 1950 "Kinkaku-ji in Kyoto, Japan was burned down."

    • July 2, 1950 USS Juneau and 2 British ships sink 5 of 6 attacking North Korean torpedo boats and gunboats.

    • July 2, 1955 """Lawrence Welk Show"" premiers on ABC"

    • July 2, 1957 The first sub powered by liquid metal cooled reactor completed-The Seawolf

    • July 2, 1957 "The first submarine designed to fire guided missiles launched, Grayback"

    • July 2, 1961 Ernest Hemingway shot himself to death in Ketchum Idaho

    • July 2, 1962 "The first Wal-Mart store opens for business in Rogers, Arkansas."

    • July 2, 1964 "Celia Black records Beatle's ""Its For You,"" McCartney plays piano"

    • July 2, 1964 "Glenn ""Fireball"" Roberts biggest NASCAR money winner, dies in crash"

    • July 2, 1964 Pres Johnson signs Civil Rights Act

    • July 2, 1964 "President Lyndon B. Johnson signs the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which prohibits segregation in public places."

    • July 2, 1966 Billie Jean King wins her first of 6 Wimbeldon single titles

    • July 2, 1966 "The French military explode their nuclear test bomb codenamed Aldbaran in Mururoa, their first nuclear test in the Pacific."

    • July 2, 1967 "Catherine Lacoste becomes youngest (22), first foreigner (France) & first amateur to US Women's open golf tournament"

    • July 2, 1967 "During Operation Bear Claw, Seventh Fleet Amphibious Force conducts helicopter assault 12 miles inland at Con Thien."

    • July 2, 1969 "Brian Jones founder of the Rolling Stones, drowns"

    • July 2, 1969 Canadian National abandons Newfoundland passenger trains 101-102.

    • July 2, 1969 Leslie West & Felix Pappalardi form the rock group Mountain

    • July 2, 1969 Number one hit on UK music charts - Thunderclap Newman - Something In The Air

    • July 2, 1969 The Jimi Hendrix Experience break up.

    • July 2, 1970 "Jessie Street Australian civil rights activist, dies"

    • July 2, 1973 "George Macready actor (Martin Peyton-Peyton Place), dies at 73"

    • July 2, 1973 Swede Savage dies from injuries at Indianapolis 500

    • July 2, 1976 Formal reunification of North & South Vietnam

    • July 2, 1976 "North and South Vietnam, divided since 1954, reunite to form the Socialist Republic of Vietnam."

    • July 2, 1976 Supreme Court ruled death penalty not inherently cruel or unusual

    • July 2, 1977 Number one hit on UK music charts - Hot Chocolate - So You Win Again

    • July 2, 1977 Sweden's Bj?orn B?rg won Wimbeldon men's singles over Jimmy Connors

    • July 2, 1979 "The first U.S. coin to honor a woman, the Susan B. Anthony dollar, is introduced."

    • July 2, 1980 Grateful Dead's Bob Weir & Mickey Hart are arrested for incitement

    • July 2, 1981 L E Gonzalez discovers asteroid #3495 Colchagua

    • July 2, 1982 "Larry Walters uses 45 helium balloons and a lawnchair to propel himself to 16,000 feet."

    • July 2, 1982 "Larry Walters using lawn chair & 42 helium balloons, rose to 16,000'"

    • July 2, 1982 Soyuz T-6 returns to Earth

    • July 2, 1983 Number one hit on UK music charts - Rod Stewart - Baby Jane

    • July 2, 1984 National Flag and Anthem day in Curacao

    • July 2, 1985 Andrei Gromyko is appointed the chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union.

    • July 2, 1985 European Space Agency launches Giotto to Halley's Comet

    • July 2, 1985 Proto launched to Halley's Comet

    • July 2, 1986 Supreme Court upheld affirmative action in 2 rulings

    • July 2, 1987 "Karl Linnas accused Nazi, dies of heart failure in Russia"

    • July 2, 1987 "Michael Bennet Chorus Line director, dies of AIDS at 44"

    • July 2, 1988 Steffi Graff beats Martina Navratilova for Wimbeldon crown

    • July 2, 1990 "A stampede inside a pedestrian tunnel leads to the deaths of 1,426 pilgrims in Mecca during hajj."

    • July 2, 1990 Imelda Marcos & Adnan Khashoggi found not guilty of racketeering

    • July 2, 1991 "Lee Remick actress, dies at 55 from cancer"

    • July 2, 1993 "Death of Sir Edward ""Weary"" Dunlop Sir Edward's name is closely associated with the courage and endurance of Australian prisoners of war of the Japanese"

    • July 2, 1993 The Sivas Massacre

    • July 2, 2000 "Vicente Fox Quesada is elected the first President of Mxico from an opposition party, the Partido Accin Nacional (PAN) after more than 70 years of continuous rule by the Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI)."

    • July 2, 2001 AbioCor self contained artificial heart created.

    • July 2, 2002 Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly solo around the world nonstop in a balloon.

    • July 2, 2004 ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF) accepts Pakistan as the 24th member.

    • July 2, 2005 Ten Live 8 concerts are held around the world in an attempt to force G8 countries to address poverty.







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