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    What happened on July 12

    • July 12, 0927 "a gathering of kings from throughout Great Britain led by King Athelstan of England at Eamont Bridge, those present include Constantn mac eda, Owain map Dyfnwal, Hywel Dda, and Ealdred son of Eadulf."

    • July 12, 1191 "Salaudin's garrison surrenders, ending the two-year siege of Acre. Conrad of Montferrat, who has negotiated the surrender, raises the banners of the Kingdom of Jerusalem and of the Third Crusade leaders Richard I of England, Philip II of France, and Leopold V of Austria on the city's walls and towers."

    • July 12, 1450 Jack Cade slain in a revolt against British King Henry VI

    • July 12, 1573 Spanish forces under the Duke of Alba capture Haarlem after a seven month siege.

    • July 12, 1580 "Ostrog Bible, the first printed Bible in a Slavic language, is published."

    • July 12, 1690 Battle of the Boyne (Gregorian calendar) - The armies of William III defeat those of the former James II.

    • July 12, 1690 "Orangeman's yearly celebration (The battle of the Orange) - Actually ""Battle of the Boyne"" ( 1 July 1690), when Protestant had victory in Ireland"

    • July 12, 1691 "Battle of Aughrim (Aghrim) England, William III beats James II"

    • July 12, 1691 Battle of Aughrim (Julian calendar) - The decisive victory of William's forces in Ireland.

    • July 12, 1759 "Seven Years' War - French and Indian War: British cannons start firing on French at Quebec City, from Lvis, Quebec."

    • July 12, 1774 "Citizens of Carlisle, Penn. pass a declaration of independence"

    • July 12, 1790 The Civil Constitution of the Clergy is passed in France by the National Assembly.

    • July 12, 1804 Former United States Secretary of the Treasury Alexander Hamilton dies after being shot in the duel.

    • July 12, 1806 Sixteen German imperial states leave the Holy Roman Empire and form the Confederation of the Rhine.

    • July 12, 1806 The Holy Roman Empire that has existed since Christmas of 800 ends in the Confederation of the Rhine organized under French auspices


    • July 12, 1812 US forces led by Gen Hull invade Canada (War of 1812)

    • July 12, 1812 "War of 1812: The United States invade Canada at Windsor, Ontario."

    • July 12, 1817 "The first flower show held (Dannybrook, County Cork, Ireland)"

    • July 12, 1859 "Paper bag manufacturing machine patented by William Goodale, Mass"

    • July 12, 1862 Congress authorizes Medal of Honor

    • July 12, 1862 Medal of Honor authorized by the United States Congress.

    • July 12, 1871 "North America's first public narrow gauge railway, the Toronto and Nipissing, is opened for traffic between Toronto and Uxbridge. The 3'6"" gauge line was converted to standard by 1884."

    • July 12, 1874 Ontario Agricultural College founded

    • July 12, 1876 Paul Henry discovers asteroid #164 Eva

    • July 12, 1882 "The first ocean pier in US completed, Washington, DC"

    • July 12, 1892 "A hidden lake bursts out of a glacier on the side of Mont Blanc, flooding the valley below and killing around 200 villagers and holidaymakers in Saint Gervais."

    • July 12, 1900 "114? F (46? C), Basin, Wyoming (state record)"

    • July 12, 1906 Alfred Dreyfus found innocent in France

    • July 12, 1909 16th Amendment approved (power to tax incomes)

    • July 12, 1912 "The first foreign feature film exhibited in US-""Queen Elizabeth""-NYC"

    • July 12, 1914 "Babe Ruth makes his baseball debut, pitches for the Red Sox"

    • July 12, 1915 Army orders harvest furloughs to Canadian Expeditionary Force soldiers still in training camps in Canada.

    • July 12, 1916 "Matawan Creek, New Jersey attacks, a bull shark swam 15 miles upstream and attacked three people, killing two."

    • July 12, 1920 "Lithuania & USSR sign peace treaty, Lithuuania becomes independent rep"

    • July 12, 1927 Babe Ruth hits 30th of 60 HRs

    • July 12, 1928 the first televised tennis match

    • July 12, 1932 Hedley Verity establishes a first-class record by taking all ten wickets for only ten runs against Nottinghamshire on a pitch affected by a storm.

    • July 12, 1932 "Lambeth Bridge, London, opened by King George V of the United Kingdom."

    • July 12, 1934 US Disciplinary Barracks on Alcatraz Island abandoned

    • July 12, 1941 Military treaty is signed between U.S.S.R. and Britain.

    • July 12, 1942 "In village Podhum, near Rijeka. Italian fascists shot 91 men aged from 15 to 60 years, took 889 people to concentration camps, burned 515 buildings, and took all cattle from the village. Although the perpetrators of this crime were known, they were never prosecuted."

    • July 12, 1944 "Near Sheep Mountain, Idaho a 6.1 earthquake was recorded"

    • July 12, 1948 The first jets to fly across the Atlantic (6 RAF de Havilland Vampires)

    • July 12, 1949 LA Rams sign Norm Van Brocklin

    • July 12, 1950 "ILTF re-admit Germany & Japan in Davis Cup, Poland & Hungary withdraw"

    • July 12, 1950 Ren Pleven becomes Prime Minister of France.

    • July 12, 1951 Mob tries to keep black family from moving into all-white Cicero Ill

    • July 12, 1957 The first President to fly in helicopter-Dwight Eisenhower

    • July 12, 1960 "Congo, Chad & Central African Republic declare independence"

    • July 12, 1960 "Echo I, first passive satellite launched"

    • July 12, 1960 "Etch A Sketch, the drawing toy goes on sale."

    • July 12, 1960 "Orlyonok, the main Young Pioneer camp of the Russian SFSR, is founded."

    • July 12, 1960 USSR's Sputnik 5 launched with 2 dogs

    • July 12, 1962 Number one hit on UK music charts - Ray Charles - I Can't Stop Loving You

    • July 12, 1962 "Rolling Stones first performance (Marquee Club, London)"

    • July 12, 1962 The first time 2 manned crafts in space (USSR)

    • July 12, 1962 the Rolling Stones played their first gig at the Marquee club in London.

    • July 12, 1966 "26.70 cm (10.51"") of rainfall, Sandusky, Ohio (state record)"

    • July 12, 1966 "Most rain fell in 1 day in Ohio, 10.5"" in Sandusky"

    • July 12, 1966 Race riot in Chicago

    • July 12, 1967 "5th Mayor's Trophy Game, Mets beat Yanks 4-0"

    • July 12, 1967 "Blacks in Newark, riot, 26 killed, 1500 injured & over 1000 arrested"

    • July 12, 1967 "Six days of race riots begin in Newark, New Jersey that will claim the lives of 27 people."

    • July 12, 1970 Janis Joplin debuts in Kentucky

    • July 12, 1971 "Juan Corona, indicted for 25 murders"

    • July 12, 1973 A fire destroys the entire 6th floor of the National Personnel Records Center of the United States.

    • July 12, 1975 Number one hit on UK music charts - Johnny Nash - Tears On My Pillow

    • July 12, 1975 Sao Tom? e Pr­ncipe gains independence from Portugal (Nat'l Day)

    • July 12, 1975 So Tom and Prncipe declare independence from Portugal.

    • July 12, 1976 "Ted Mack TV host (Original Amateur Hour), dies at 72"

    • July 12, 1977 "Ed Holmes actor (Growing Paynes, Once Upon a Tune), dies at 66"

    • July 12, 1978 Sun Bank Building opens

    • July 12, 1979 """Disco Demolition Night"" at Comiskey Park, causes fans to go wild & causes White Sox to forfeit 2nd game of a doubleheader to the Tigers"

    • July 12, 1979 "During a double-header between the Chicago White Sox and the Detroit Tigers, riots occurred at Comiskey Park to what became known as Disco Demolition Night."

    • July 12, 1979 Kiribati (Gilbert & Ellice Is) gains independence from Britain

    • July 12, 1979 "Minnie Ripperton singer (Lovin' You), dies of cancer at 30"

    • July 12, 1979 The island nation of Kiribati declares independence from Great Britain.

    • July 12, 1980 "John W Davis Pres (WV State college), dies at 92"

    • July 12, 1980 Number one hit on UK music charts - Olivia Newton John & Electric Light Orchestra - Xanadu

    • July 12, 1981 "In British Columbia, 48,000 BC woodworkers go on strike, shut down forest industry; 60,000 workers off the job by July 20."

    • July 12, 1982 FEMA promises survivors of a nuclear war will get their mail

    • July 12, 1982 "Kenneth More actor, dies of Parkinson disease at 67"

    • July 12, 1984 "Geraldine Ferraro, NY became first woman major-party VP candidate"

    • July 12, 1985 Doctors discover a cancerous growth in Pres Reagan's colon

    • July 12, 1985 STS 51-F launch scrubbed at T -3s because of main engine shutdown

    • July 12, 1986 Number one hit on UK music charts - Madonna - Papa Don't Preach

    • July 12, 1988 "Joshua Logan Broadway producer, dies at 79 of palsy"

    • July 12, 1988 USSR launches Phobos II for Martian orbit

    • July 12, 1989 "NY Yankee pitching great Ron Guidry retires (170-91 .651, 3.29 ERA)"

    • July 12, 1993 "A magnitude 7.8 earthquake off the shore of Hokkaid, Japan launches a devastating tsunami, killing 202 on the small island of Okushiri."

    • July 12, 1993 "In the Hokkaido, Japan Region, a 7.6 earthquake killed at least 200 people and 39 missing in the Hokkaido region, including at least 165 killed on Okushiri"

    • July 12, 1997 "Waterloo - St. Jacobs Railway commences passenger service over the former CN Waterloo Spur between Waterloo and Elmira, Ont."

    • July 12, 2002 Gay rights: The Superior Court of Ontario orders Ontario to recognize same-sex marriages.

    • July 12, 2004 Pedro Santana Lopes is officially appointed Prime Minister of Portugal.

    • July 12, 2005 Prince Albert II is enthroned as ruler of the Principality of Monaco.

    • July 12, 2006 Hezbollah initiates Operation True Promise.







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