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    What happened on July 27

    • July 27, 1214 "Battle of Bouvines: In France, Philip II of France defeats John of England."

    • July 27, 1501 Copernicus formally installed as canon of Frauenberg Cathedral

    • July 27, 1549 Jesuit priest Francis Xavier's ship reached Japan.

    • July 27, 1586 Sir Walter Raleigh brings first tobacco to England from Virginia

    • July 27, 1661 Parliament confirms the Navigation Act

    • July 27, 1689 Glorious Revolution: Battle of Killiecrankie ends.

    • July 27, 1689 Jacobite Scottish Highlanders defeat royal force at Killiecrankie

    • July 27, 1694 A Royal Charter is granted to the Bank of England.

    • July 27, 1694 Bank of England chartered

    • July 27, 1694 The Bank of England receives a royal charter as a commercial institution.

    • July 27, 1720 The second important victory of the Russian Navy - the Battle of Grengam.

    • July 27, 1778 American Revolution: First Battle of Ushant - British and French fleets fight to a standoff.

    • July 27, 1789 "The first U.S. federal government agency, the Department of Foreign Affairs, is established (later renamed Department of State)."

    • July 27, 1794 "French Revolution: Maximilien Robespierre is arrested after encouraging the execution of more than 17,000 ""enemies of the Revolution."" (See 9 Thermidor.)"

    • July 27, 1809 Sir Arthur Wellesley has defeated the Spanish king Joseph Bonaparte at Talavera de la Reina and been made duke of Wellington for his triumph


    • July 27, 1816 "Fort Blount on Apalachicola Bay Fla, attacked by US Troops"

    • July 27, 1819 Duitama is named municipality

    • July 27, 1836 "Adelaide, South Australia founded"

    • July 27, 1837 "US Mint opens in Charlotte, NC"

    • July 27, 1844 "Fire destroys the US mint at Charlotte, NC"

    • July 27, 1861 Union Gen George McClellan took command of Potamic Army

    • July 27, 1862 "Sailing from San Franciso to Panama, the SS Golden Gate catches fire and sinks off Manzanillo, Mexico, killing 231."

    • July 27, 1862 "Steamer ""Golden Gate"" burns & sinks off west coast of Mexico"

    • July 27, 1865 Welsh settlers arrive in Argentina at Chubut Valley.

    • July 27, 1866 "Atlantic telegraph cable successfully laid (1,686 miles long)"

    • July 27, 1866 Cyrus W. Field lays the first successful underwater telegraph cable connecting North America and Europe (after two failed attempts).

    • July 27, 1866 "The Atlantic Cable is successfully completed, allowing transatlantic telegraph communication for the first time."

    • July 27, 1880 "Battle of Maiwand, at which Dr Watson was wounded, breaks out"

    • July 27, 1880 "Second Anglo-Afghan War: Battle of Maiwand - In a pyrrhic victory, Afghan forces led by Ayub Khan defeat the British Army in battle near Maiwand, Afghanistan."

    • July 27, 1897 "37.5 cm (14.75"") of rainfall, Jewell, Maryland (state 24-hr record)"

    • July 27, 1909 "Orville Wright tests first US Army airplane, flying 1h12m"

    • July 27, 1914 Felix Manalo registers the Iglesia ni Cristo with the Filipino government.

    • July 27, 1918 "Socony 200, first concrete barge in US, launched to carry oil, NY"

    • July 27, 1919 "Chicago race riot (15 whites & 23 blacks killed, 500 injured)"

    • July 27, 1920 Resolute beats Shamrock IV (England) in 14th running of America's Cup

    • July 27, 1921 Researchers at the University of Toronto led by biochemist Frederick Banting announce the discovery of the hormone insulin.

    • July 27, 1924 8th Olympic games closes in Paris

    • July 27, 1928 Tich Freeman becomes only bowler ever to take 200 first-class wickets before end of July.

    • July 27, 1933 G Van Biesbroeck discovers asteroid #1312 Vassar

    • July 27, 1940 Billboard magazine starts publishing bestseller charts

    • July 27, 1940 Bugs Bunny makes his debut in the Warner Bros. cartoon A Wild Hare.

    • July 27, 1940 "The animated short ""A Wild Hare"" is released, introducing the character of Bugs Bunny."

    • July 27, 1941 Day of Anti-Fascist uprising of people of Bosnia and Herzegowina.

    • July 27, 1941 Japanese forces land in Indo-China

    • July 27, 1942 Formation of Australian Women's Land Army

    • July 27, 1944 The first British jet fighter used in combat (Gloster Meteor)

    • July 27, 1944 US regains possession of Guam from Japanese

    • July 27, 1947 Yogi Berri starts record 148 game errorless streak

    • July 27, 1949 Havilland Comet 40-passenger airliner makes maiden flight

    • July 27, 1953 Armistice signed at Panmunjom brings hostilities in Korea to an end

    • July 27, 1953 "Korean War ends: The United States, People's Republic of China, and North Korea, sign an armistice agreement. Syngman Rhee, president of South Korea, refuses to sign but pledges to observe the armistice."

    • July 27, 1953 The Korean War officially ends with the armistice signing at Panmunjom.

    • July 27, 1954 Armistice divides Vietnam into two countries

    • July 27, 1955 Austria regains full independence after 4-power occupation

    • July 27, 1955 "The Allied occupation of Austria stemming from World War II, ends (started on May 9, 1945)."

    • July 27, 1960 VP Nixon nominated for pres at Republican convention in Chicago

    • July 27, 1964 "Betty D, was born this day"

    • July 27, 1964 "Vietnam War: 5,000 more American military advisers are sent to South Vietnam bringing the total number of United States forces in Vietnam to 21,000."

    • July 27, 1968 Race Riot in Gary Indiana

    • July 27, 1969 Pioneer 10 launched

    • July 27, 1971 Nabisco introduces the pop tart.

    • July 27, 1972 The F-15 Eagle flies for the first time.

    • July 27, 1974 Number one hit on UK music charts - George McCrae - Rock Your Baby

    • July 27, 1976 "8.2 Tangshan earthquake kills estimated 240,000 Chinese"

    • July 27, 1976 "Ray Brennan becomes first to, die of ""Legionnaire's Disease"""

    • July 27, 1977 "Ipatiev House at Ekaterinburg, Russia, USSR is destroyed."

    • July 27, 1977 John Lennon is granted a green card for permanent residence in US

    • July 27, 1981 "British television: On Coronation Street, Ken Barlow marries Deirdre Langton, which proves to be a national event, with massive viewer numbers earned for the show."

    • July 27, 1981 "Ray Harrison dancer (American Song), dies at 64"

    • July 27, 1982 "Dan Seymour actor (We the People, Sing it Again), dies at 67"

    • July 27, 1982 Indian PM Indira Gandhi first visit to US in almost 11 years

    • July 27, 1983 "Black July: 18 Tamil political prisoners at the Welikada high security prison in Colombo were massacred by the Sinhalese prisoners, the second such massacre in two days."

    • July 27, 1984 "James Mason actor, dies at 75 of a heart attack"

    • July 27, 1985 Number one hit on UK music charts - Eurythmics - There Must Be An Angel ...

    • July 27, 1987 "First expedited salvaging of Titanic wreckage begins by RMS Titanic, Inc."

    • July 27, 1988 Boston's worst traffic jam in 30 years

    • July 27, 1990 "The Jamaat al Muslimeen stage a coup d'tat attempt in Trinidad and Tobago, occupying Parliament and the studios of Trinidad and Tobago Television, holding Prime Minister A. N. R. Robinson and most of his Cabinet, as well as the staff at the television station hostage for 6 days."

    • July 27, 1990 The Supreme Soviet of the Belarusian Soviet Republic declares independence of Belarus from the Soviet Union. Until 1996 the day was celebrated as the Independence Day of Belarus; after a referendum held that year the celebration of independence was transferred to June 3.

    • July 27, 1990 Zsa Zsa Gabor begins a 3 day jail sentence for slapping a cop

    • July 27, 1991 "Rocker Jani Lane, (Warrant-Cherry Pie) marries model Bobbie Brown"

    • July 27, 1991 TV Guide publishes it's 2000th edition

    • July 27, 1996 "Centennial Olympic Park bombing: In Atlanta, Georgia, a pipe bomb explodes at Centennial Olympic Park during the 1996 Summer Olympics, killing two and injuring 111."

    • July 27, 1996 "In Atlanta, Georgia, Canadian sprinter Donovan Bailey set the 100m world record of 9.84s +0.7 m/s wind during the 1996 Summer Olympics."

    • July 27, 1996 One person is killed and more than 100 injured as a pipe bomb explodes at the Atlanta Olympics.

    • July 27, 1997 Si Zerrouk massacre in Algeria; about 50 people killed.

    • July 27, 1997 The Toronto Transit Commission opens its Spadina light rail transit line.

    • July 27, 1999 "Twenty-one die in a canyoning disaster near Interlaken, Switzerland."

    • July 27, 2002 "Ukraine airshow disaster: A Sukhoi Su-27 fighter crashes during an air show at Lviv, Ukraine killing 85 and injuring more than 100 others, the largest air show disaster in history."

    • July 27, 2005 "STS-114: NASA grounds the Space shuttle, pending an investigation of the external tank's continued foam-shedding problem. During ascent, the external tank of the Space Shuttle Discovery sheds a piece of foam slightly smaller than the piece that caused the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster; this foam does not strike the spacecraft."

    • July 27, 2007 "Two news helicopters collide while covering a police car chase in Phoenix, AZ."







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