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    What happened on March 12

    • March 12, 0515 BC - Construction is completed on the Second Temple in Jerusalem.

    • March 12, 0538 "Witiges, king of the Ostrogoths ends his siege of Rome and retreats to Ravenna, leaving the city in the hands of the victorious Roman general, Belisarius."

    • March 12, 0641 A.D. Chinese Princess Wen Cheng goes to Tibet to marry the Tibetan ruler and the marriage becomes the basis for China's claim to sovereignty over the region

    • March 12, 1572 "Luos Vaz de Camoes publishes ""Os Lusíados"" in Portugal"

    • March 12, 1594 Company of Distant established for business on East-Indies

    • March 12, 1597 England routes troops to Amiens

    • March 12, 1609 Bermuda becomes an English colony

    • March 12, 1619 Dutch settlement on Java changes name to Batavia

    • March 12, 1622 Ignatius of Loyola declared a saint

    • March 12, 1642 Abel Tasman is first European in New Zealand

    • March 12, 1664 First naturalization act in American colonies

    • March 12, 1664 New Jersey becomes a British colony

    • March 12, 1664 New Jersey becomes a colony of Britain.

    • March 12, 1689 Former English King James II lands in Ireland

    • March 12, 1737 "Galileo's body moved to Church of Santa Croce in Florence, Italy"

    • March 12, 1755 "First steam engine in America installed, to pump water from a mine"

    • March 12, 1773 Jeanne Baptiste Pointe de Sable found settlement now known as Chicago

    • March 12, 1814 British troops under Wellington capture Bordeaux in France

    • March 12, 1848 Second republic established in France

    • March 12, 1849 The first gold seekers arrive in Nicaragua en route to California

    • March 12, 1850 US $20 gold piece first issued

    • March 12, 1857 A Great Western Railway train breaks an axle while crossing a swing bridge and plunges into the Desjardins Canal near Hamilton. 59 people are killed.

    • March 12, 1860 Congress accepts Pre-emption Bill; free land in West for colonists

    • March 12, 1868 Congress abolishes manufacturer's tax

    • March 12, 1868 Great Britain annexes Basutoland in Africa

    • March 12, 1868 "Henry James O'Farrell attempts to assassinate Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh."

    • March 12, 1881 Andrew Watson made his Scotland debut as the world's first black international football player and captain.

    • March 12, 1884 Mississippi establishes first US state college for women

    • March 12, 1888 2nd day of the Great blizzard of '88 in northeast US (400 die)

    • March 12, 1889 "Battle at Metema (Gallabad); Ethiopian Emperor Yohannes IV, defeated"

    • March 12, 1889 Ethiopia's Johannes IV is killed in the Battle of Metemma fighting the Mahdists

    • March 12, 1889 "Start of South Africa's first Test, vs England, Port Elizabeth"

    • March 12, 1894 Coca-Cola is sold in bottles for the first time.

    • March 12, 1896 The first movie in Netherlands (Kalverstr 220)

    • March 12, 1900 President Steyn of Orange-Free state flees from Bloemfontein

    • March 12, 1904 Andrew Carnegie establishes Carnegie Hero Fund

    • March 12, 1904 The first main line electric train in UK (Liverpool to Southport)

    • March 12, 1906 Heavy storm ravages Dutch west coast

    • March 12, 1907 "At Toulon, France, the battleship Iena explodes, killing at least 118 men"

    • March 12, 1908 The Pan-Macedonian group is formed in Athens to support the Greek Struggle for Macedonia.

    • March 12, 1912 Captain Albert Berry performs first parachute jump from an airplane

    • March 12, 1912 "Girl Guides (Girl Scouts) founded in Savannah, by Juliette Gordon Low"

    • March 12, 1912 The Girl Guides (later renamed the Girl Scouts of the USA) are founded in the U.S..

    • March 12, 1913 Canberra becomes the capital of Australia when the foundation stone of the Federal Parliament building is laid.

    • March 12, 1913 Canberra Day: The future capital of Australia was officially named Canberra. (Melbourne remained temporary capital until 1927 while the new capital was still under construction.)

    • March 12, 1913 Foundation stone of the Australian capitol in Canberra laid

    • March 12, 1916 French airship sinks British submarine D3

    • March 12, 1917 Russian Dumas sets up Provisional Committee; workers set up Soviets

    • March 12, 1917 "Stalin, Kamenev & Muranov arrive in St Petersburg"

    • March 12, 1918 Moscow becomes the capital of Russia again after Saint-Petersburg held this status for 215 years.

    • March 12, 1919 Austrian National Meeting affirms Anschluss (incorporate into Germany)

    • March 12, 1925 "Death of Sun Yat-sen, Chinese revolutionary leader."

    • March 12, 1926 Denmark begins unilateral disarmament

    • March 12, 1928 "In California, the St. Francis Dam fails, killing 400 people."

    • March 12, 1930 "Mahatma Gandhi began a march to the sea, his boldest act of civil disobedience yet against British rule in India"

    • March 12, 1930 "Mahatma Gandhi leads a 200-mile march known as Dandi March to the sea in defiance of British opposition, to protest the British monopoly on salt."

    • March 12, 1932 "The so-called ""Swedish Match King"", Ivar Kreuger, commits suicide in Paris, leaving behind a financial empire that turns out to be worthless"

    • March 12, 1933 "FDR announces the ""New Deal."""

    • March 12, 1933 "FDR conducts his first ""fireside chat"""

    • March 12, 1933 "Great Depression: Franklin Delano Roosevelt addresses the nation for the first time as President of the United States. This was also the first of his ""Fireside Chats."""

    • March 12, 1934 Acting President Constantine Päts commits coup in Tallinn Estonia

    • March 12, 1934 Josip Broz (Tito) freed from jail

    • March 12, 1935 England establishes 30 MPH speed limit for towns & villages

    • March 12, 1935 UK hist Hore-Belisha introduces pedestrian crossings and speed limits for built-up areas in Britain

    • March 12, 1938 Anschluss: German troops occupy Austria; annexation declared the following day.

    • March 12, 1938 "Germans enter Vienna, and 183,000 Jews in Austria fall under Nazi control. Within one month, 500 Jews commit suicide."

    • March 12, 1938 Nazi Germany invades Austria (Anschluss)

    • March 12, 1939 Pope Pius XII crowned in Vatican ceremonies

    • March 12, 1940 "Finland surrenders to Russia during WWII, giving up Karelische Isthmus"

    • March 12, 1940 "Winter War: Finland signs the Moscow Peace Treaty with the Soviet Union, ceding almost all of Finnish Karelia. Finnish troops and remaining population are immediately evacuated."

    • March 12, 1941 German occupiers confiscate AVRO studios in Netherlands

    • March 12, 1943 Soviet troops liberate Wjasma

    • March 12, 1945 30 Amsterdammers executed by Nazi occupiers

    • March 12, 1945 Italy's Communist Party (CPI) calls for armed uprising in Italy

    • March 12, 1945 New York is the first to prohibit discrimination by race & creed in employment

    • March 12, 1945 The British Empire celebrates its first British Empire Day

    • March 12, 1945 USSR returns Transylvania to Romania

    • March 12, 1946 Part of Petsamo province ceded by Soviet Union to Finland

    • March 12, 1947 President Truman introduces Truman-doctrine to fight communism

    • March 12, 1947 The Truman Doctrine is proclaimed to help stem the spread of Communism.

    • March 12, 1948 -5ºF lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in March

    • March 12, 1950 Belgium votes (58%) for return of King Leopold III

    • March 12, 1951 Communist troops driven out of Seoul

    • March 12, 1952 "Mercedes introduced the 300 SL to the press on this day. With a sleek rounded body, gull-wing doors and a detachable steering wheel, the 300 SL created quite a buzz"

    • March 12, 1954 Sahitya Akademi is founded in India.

    • March 12, 1958 "British Empire Day is renamed ""Commonwealth Day"""

    • March 12, 1959 US House joins Senate approving Hawaii statehood

    • March 12, 1962 Dutch Premier De Quay announces secret talks with Indonesia

    • March 12, 1963 "Beatles perform as a trio, John Lennon is ill with a cold"

    • March 12, 1963 "Bob Dylan cancels ""Ed Sullivan Show"" television appearance"

    • March 12, 1964 "6th Grammy Awards: Days of Wine & Roses, Streisand win"

    • March 12, 1964 Jimmy Hoffa sentenced to 8 years

    • March 12, 1964 Malcolm X resigns from Nation of Islam

    • March 12, 1966 "Bobby Hull's 51st goal of season, sets record"

    • March 12, 1966 "Love's first album released ""Love"""

    • March 12, 1967 Austria's Reinhold Bachler ski jumps 505 feet

    • March 12, 1967 Indonesian congress deprives President Sukarno of authority

    • March 12, 1967 Suharto takes over from Sukarno to become President of Indonesia.

    • March 12, 1968 Mauritius achieves independence.

    • March 12, 1968 Mauritius gains independence from Britain (National Day)

    • March 12, 1969 "11th Grammy Awards: Mrs Robinson, By the Time I Get to Phoenix win"

    • March 12, 1969 120 joints found at George & Patti Harrison's home

    • March 12, 1969 Paul McCartney marries Linda Louise Eastman in London

    • March 12, 1970 US lowers voting age from 21 to 18

    • March 12, 1971 Rolling Stone Mick Jagger marries Bianca Pérez Morena de Macias

    • March 12, 1971 Syrian premier Hafez Assad elected President

    • March 12, 1971 Turkish Government of Demirel forced to resign by Army

    • March 12, 1972 NHL great Gordie Howe retires after 26 seasons

    • March 12, 1974 "Bundy victim Donna Manson disappears, Evergreen SC, Olympia WA"

    • March 12, 1975 Vietcong conquer Ban me Thuot South Vietnam

    • March 12, 1976 South African troops leave Angola

    • March 12, 1977 Chile President Pinochet bans Christian-Democratic Party

    • March 12, 1977 Egypt's Anwar Sadat pledges to regain Arab territory from Israel

    • March 12, 1977 Number one hit on UK music charts - Manhattan Transfer - Chanson D'Amour

    • March 12, 1978 Eric Heiden skates world record 1000 meter (1:14.99)

    • March 12, 1980 Jury finds John Wayne Gacy guilty of murdering 33 in Chicago

    • March 12, 1981 Soyuz T-4 carries 2 cosmonauts to Salyut 6 space station

    • March 12, 1981 "Walter R T Witschey installs world's largest sundial, Richmond VA"

    • March 12, 1982 "1st-class debut of Courtney Walsh, Jamaica vs Leeward Islands"

    • March 12, 1982 "PLO chief Yassar Arafat appears on ""Nightline"""

    • March 12, 1983 Number one hit on UK music charts - Bonnie Tyler - Total Eclipse Of The Heart

    • March 12, 1984 "British ice dancing team, Torvill & Dean, become first skaters to receive 9 perfect 6.0s in world championships"

    • March 12, 1986 210.25 million shares traded in New York Stock Exchange

    • March 12, 1986 Giotto encounters Comet Halley

    • March 12, 1986 "Susan Butcher wins 1,158 mile Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race"

    • March 12, 1987 """Les Miserables"" opens at Broadway/Imperial NYC for 4000+ performances"

    • March 12, 1987 Federal judge dismisses lawsuits sought by Oliver North

    • March 12, 1989 15th People's Choice Awards

    • March 12, 1989 2 cyanide-contaminated Chilean grapes found (Philadelphia)

    • March 12, 1989 Madagascar AREMA party wins parliamentary election

    • March 12, 1990 Los Angeles Raiders announce they were returning to Oakland

    • March 12, 1991 5th Soul Train Music Awards

    • March 12, 1992 Mauritius becomes a republic while remaining a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.

    • March 12, 1993 317 killed by bomb attacks in Bombay

    • March 12, 1993 "Entertainment Tonight's 3,000th show"

    • March 12, 1993 Inkhata leader Mangosuthu Buthelezi begins 2½ week speech

    • March 12, 1993 North Korea announced its withdrawal from the Nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty

    • March 12, 1993 North Korea nuclear weapons program: North Korea says that it plans to withdraw from the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty and refuses to allow inspectors access to nuclear sites.

    • March 12, 1993 "Several bombs explode in Bombay (Mumbai), India, killing about 300 and injuring hundreds more."

    • March 12, 1994 Church of England ordains first 33 women priests

    • March 12, 1994 The Church of England ordains its first female priests.

    • March 12, 1995 Congress party loses India national election

    • March 12, 1995 Lara scores 139 in ODI vs Australia at Port-of-Spain

    • March 12, 1995 Sprinter Melinda Gainsford becomes the first Australian to win a world sprint title in more than 30 years

    • March 12, 1996 Leeward Islands beat Trinidad by 73 runs to win Red Stripe Trophy

    • March 12, 1998 """Sound of Music"", opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC"

    • March 12, 1999 "Former Warsaw Pact members the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland join NATO."

    • March 12, 2003 "Zoran ini, Prime Minister of Serbia, assassinated in Belgrade."

    • March 12, 2004 "Roh Moo-hyun, President of South Korea is impeached by its national assembly for the first time in the nation's history."

    • March 12, 2005 "Tung Chee Hwa, the first Chief Executive of Hong Kong, steps down from his post after his resignation is approved by the Chinese central government."

    • March 12, 2007 Van Halen is inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.







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