See what makes November 18 special at Famous Daily.
History, birthdays, holiday, and a quote!
What happened on November 18
- November 18, 0326 The old St. Peter's Basilica is consecrated.
- November 18, 1095 "The Council of Clermont, called by Pope Urban II to discuss sending the First Crusade to the Holy Land, begins."
- November 18, 1302 Pope Boniface VIII issues the Papal bull Unam sanctam (The One Holy).
- November 18, 1307 "According to legend, William Tell shoots an apple off of his son's head."
- November 18, 1307 William Tell shoots apple off his son's head
- November 18, 1421 "A seawall at the Zuiderzee dike breaks, flooding 72 villages and killing about 10,000 people in the Netherlands."
- November 18, 1421 "Zuider Zee floods 72 villages, killing an estimated 10,000 in Netherlands"
- November 18, 1477 The First English Printing press
- November 18, 1477 "William Caxton produces Dictes or Sayengis of the Philosophres, the first book printed on a printing press in England."
- November 18, 1497 Bartolomeu Dias discovers Cape of Good Hope
- November 18, 1626 St. Peter's Basilica is consecrated.
- November 18, 1686 Charles Francois Felix operates on King Louis XIV of France's anal fistula after practicing the surgery on several peasants.
- November 18, 1755 Worst quake Massachusetts Bay area strikes Boston; no deaths report
- November 18, 1803 "Battle of Vertieres, in which Haitians defeat French"
- November 18, 1803 "The Battle of Vertires, the last major battle of the Haitian Revolution, is fought, leading to the establishment of the Republic of Haiti, the first black republic in the Western Hemisphere."
- November 18, 1820 US Navy Captain Nathaniel B Palmer discovers Antarctica
- November 18, 1852 "Rose Philippine Duchesne dies in St. Charles, Missouri. She would be canonized on July 3, 1988 by Pope John Paul II."
- November 18, 1863 "King Christian IX of Denmark decided to sign the november constitution, which declared Schleswig as part of Denmark, what was seen by the German Confederation as a violation of the London Protocol and lead to the GermanDanish war of 1864."
- November 18, 1865 Mark Twain's story The Celebrated Jumping Frog of Calaveras County is published in the New York Saturday Press.
- November 18, 1883 "American and Canadian railroads institute five standard continental time zones, ending the confusion of thousands of local times."
- November 18, 1883 Standard time zones established by railroads in US and Canada
- November 18, 1889 Oahu Railway begins public service in Hawaii
- November 18, 1903 Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty gives US exclusive canal rights in Panama
- November 18, 1903 "The Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty is signed by the United States and Panama, giving the Americans exclusive rights over the Panama Canal Zone."
- November 18, 1904 General Esteban Huertas steps down after the government of Panama fears he wants to stage a coup.
- November 18, 1905 Prince Carl of Denmark becomes King Haakon VII of Norway
- November 18, 1909 Two United States warships are sent to Nicaragua after 500 revolutionaries (including two Americans) are executed by order of Jos Santos Zelaya.
- November 18, 1909 "US invades Nicaragua, later overthrows President Zelaya"
- November 18, 1911 Britain's first seaplane flies
- November 18, 1912 Albania declares independence from Turkey
- November 18, 1917 "Sigma Alpha Rho, a Jewish high school fraternity, is founded in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania."
- November 18, 1918 Latvia declares independence from Russia
- November 18, 1918 Latvia declares its independence from Russia.
- November 18, 1923 "Alan Shepard, Jr. first American in space is born"
- November 18, 1926 "George Bernard Shaw refuses to accept the money for his Nobel Prize, saying, ""I can forgive Alfred Nobel for inventing dynamite, but only a fiend in human form could have invented the Nobel Prize."""
- November 18, 1927 CBC boradcaster Knowlton Nash is born
- November 18, 1928 "Walt Disney's Mickey Mouse debuts in NY in""Steamboat Willie"""
- November 18, 1929 "1929 Grand Banks earthquake: Off the south coast of Newfoundland in the Atlantic Ocean, a Richter magnitude 7.2 submarine earthquake, centered on Grand Banks, breaks 12 submarine transatlantic telegraph cables and triggers a tsunami that destroys many south coast communities in the Burin Peninsula area."
- November 18, 1929 Large quake in Atlantic breaks Transatlantic cable in 28 places
- November 18, 1936 Germany and Italy recognized Spanish government of Francisco Franco
- November 18, 1936 Main span of Golden Gate Bridge joined
- November 18, 1938 Trade union members elect John L. Lewis as the first president of the Congress of Industrial Organizations.
- November 18, 1940 George Matesky Mad Bomber's first time bomb
- November 18, 1940 New York City's Mad Bomber places his first bomb at a Manhattan office building used by Consolidated Edison.
- November 18, 1942 "Holocaust: German SS carry out selection of Jewish ghetto in Lviv, western Ukraine, arresting 5.000 ""unproductive Jews"". All get deported to the Belzec death camp."
- November 18, 1943 "Holocaust: Aktion Emtefest: Nazis liquidate Janowska concentration camp in Lviv, western Ukraine, murdering at least 6.000 surviving Jews.German SS leader Fritz Katzman declares Lviv (Lemberg) to be Judenfrei (free from the Jews)."
- November 18, 1952 "The feasibility of using a helicopter as an aerial minesweeper was demonstrated in the first of a series of tests conducted by VX-1 pilots flying an HRP-1 helicopter off~ Panama City, Fla."
- November 18, 1960 Copyright office issues its 10 millionth registration
- November 18, 1961 US Ranger 2 launched to Moon; failed
- November 18, 1964 "J Edgar Hoover describes Martin Luther King as ""most notorious liar"""
- November 18, 1966 Sandy Koufax announced his retirement from baseball.
- November 18, 1967 British government devalues œ from US equivalent of $2.80 to $2.40
- November 18, 1970 Russia lands self propelled rover on the Moon
- November 18, 1976 Spain's parliament establishes democracy after 37 years of dictatorship
- November 18, 1978 "Jonestown incident: In Guyana, Jim Jones leads his Peoples Temple cult in a mass murder-suicide that claims 918 lives in all, 909 of them at Jonestown itself, including over 270 children. Congressman Leo J. Ryan is assassinated by members of Peoples Temple shortly beforehand."
- November 18, 1978 Mass suicide in Peoples temple in Jonestown Guyana
- November 18, 1978 Number one hit on UK music charts - Boomtown Rats - Rat Trap
- November 18, 1980 Conn Smythe founder o fthe NHL's Toronto Maple Leafs dies at age 85
- November 18, 1982 "Duk Koo Kim dies unexpectedly from injuries sustained during a 14-round match against Ray Mancini in Las Vegas, Nevada, prompting reforms in the sport of boxing."
- November 18, 1983 "The movie ""A Christmas Story"" was released in the US and Canada"
- November 18, 1985 The comic strip Calvin and Hobbes debuts.
- November 18, 1987 "31 die in a fire at King's Cross, London's busiest subway station"
- November 18, 1987 "King's Cross fire: In London, 31 people die in a fire at the city's busiest underground station at King's Cross St Pancras."
- November 18, 1988 War on Drugs: U.S. President Ronald Reagan signs a bill into law allowing the death penalty for murder in regards to drug traffickers.
- November 18, 1990 "Saddam offers to free an estimated 2,000 men held in Kuwait"
- November 18, 1991 "After the siege of Vukovar, the Croatian city of Vukovar capitulates to besieging Yugoslav People's Army and allied Serb paramilitary forces."
- November 18, 1991 France deports Marlon's daughter Cheyenne Brando to Tahiti
- November 18, 1991 Muslim Shites release hostages Terry Waite and Thomas Sutherland
- November 18, 1991 Shiite Muslim kidnappers in Lebanon set Anglican Church envoys Terry Waite and Thomas Sutherland free.
- November 18, 1993 "In South Africa, 21 political parties approve a new constitution."
- November 18, 1999 "In College Station, Texas, 12 are killed and 27 injured at Texas A&M University when a massive bonfire under construction collapses."
- November 18, 2000 A major fire at the 350 room Marriot Mountain REsort in Vale Colorado starts no deaths
- November 18, 2004 Russia officially ratifies the Kyoto Protocol.
- November 18, 2007 Jimmie Johnson wins the 2007 NASCAR Nextel Cup Championship.
- November 18, 2009 "According to the 2009 Corruption Perceptions Index, Somalia is the most corrupt of 180 countries surveyed, and New Zealand is the least corrupt."
- November 18, 2009 Four people are killed after a bomb left over from the Vietnam War explodes as they try to remove explosive material in southern Tay Ninh Province.
- November 18, 2009 "Iraqi Vice President Tariq Al-Hashimi vetos part of the country's new election law, putting the scheduled January 2009 elections in doubt."
- November 18, 2009 Prime Minister of Australia Kevin Rudd announces that he will consider a probe of the Church of Scientology in Australia after an attack on the organization by independent parliamentarian Nick Xenophon.
- November 18, 2009 Queen Elizabeth II officially opens the Parliament of the United Kingdom and delivers Her Majesty's Most Gracious Address.
- November 18, 2009 Senator and President pro tempore of the United States Senate Robert C. Byrd of West Virginia becomes the longest serving member in the history of the United States Congress.
- November 18, 2009 Taiwanese universities announce they will admit mainland Chinese students for the first time next year.
- November 18, 2009 "The France national football team beat the Republic of Ireland at the Stade de France to qualify for the 2009 FIFA World Cup finals in South Africa, with Thierry Henry admitting after the game that he committed handball in the move leading to the decisive goal."
- November 18, 2009 "The Government of Hong Kong unveils a new democratic political reform plan, which includes the expansion of the Legislative Council. ("
- November 18, 2009 The population of Africa reaches one billion