See what makes October 18 special at Famous Daily.
History, birthdays, holiday, and a quote!
What happened on October 18
- October 18, 0707 John VII ends his reign as Catholic Pope
- October 18, 1009 "The Church of the Holy Sepulchre, a Christian church in Jerusalem, is completely destroyed by the Fatimid caliph Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, who hacks the Church's foundations down to bedrock."
- October 18, 1016 Danes defeat Saxons at Battle of Assandun (Ashingdon)
- October 18, 1016 The Danes defeat the Saxons in the Battle of Ashingdon.
- October 18, 1081 The Normans defeat the Byzantine Empire in the Battle of Dyrrhachium.
- October 18, 1210 Pope Innocent III excommunicates German leader Otto IV .
- October 18, 1356 "Basel earthquake, the most significant historic seismological event north of the Alps, destroyed the town of Basel, Switzerland."
- October 18, 1386 Opening of the University of Heidelberg
- October 18, 1561 Fourth Battle of Kawanakajima -- Takeda Shingen defeats Uesugi Kenshin in the climax of their ongoing conflicts.
- October 18, 1648 Boston Shoemakers form first U.S. labor organization.
- October 18, 1648 First US labor organization forms (Boston Shoemakers)
- October 18, 1667 Brooklyn is chartered under the name Brueckelen by the governor of New Netherlands Mathias Nicolls
- October 18, 1685 "Louis XIV of France revokes the Edict of Nantes, which has protected French Protestants."
- October 18, 1685 "Louis XIV revokes Edict of Nantes, outlaws Protestantism"
- October 18, 1767 "Boundary between Md & Pa, the Mason Dixon line, agreed upon"
- October 18, 1767 "Mason-Dixon line, survey separating Maryland from Pennsylvania is completed."
- October 18, 1775 African-American poet Phillis Wheatley freed from slavery.
- October 18, 1776 "In a NY bar decorated with bird tail, customer orders ""cock tail"""
- October 18, 1851 Herman Melville's Moby Dick is first published as The Whale by Richard Bentley of London.
- October 18, 1860 "The Second Opium War finally ends at the Convention of Peking with the ratification of the Treaty of Tientsin, an unequal treaty."
- October 18, 1867 United States takes possession of Alaska after purchasing it from Russia for $7.2 million. Celebrated annually in the state as Alaska Day.
- October 18, 1867 US takes formal possession of Alaska from Russia ($7.2 million)
- October 18, 1890 John Owen is first man to run 100 yd dash in under 10 seconds
- October 18, 1892 First commercial long-distance phone line opens (Chicago-NY)
- October 18, 1892 The First long distance phone call in the United States between Chicago and New York.
- October 18, 1898 American flag raised in Puerto Rico
- October 18, 1908 Belgium annexes Congo Free State
- October 18, 1908 Belgium annexes the Congo Free State.
- October 18, 1909 Comte de Lambert of France sets airplane altitude record of 300 m
- October 18, 1912 Beginning of the first Balkan War
- October 18, 1912 Italo-Turkish war ends
- October 18, 1912 The First Balkan War begins.
- October 18, 1924 University of Illinois halfback Red Grange scores four touchdowns in the first quarter of a game against the University of Michigan Wolverines.
- October 18, 1925 "The Grand Ole Opry opens in Nashville, Tennessee."
- October 18, 1929 "Women are considered ""Persons"" under Canadian law."
- October 18, 1940 "HMS H.49,sunk off Texel island, Holland in North Sea by depth charges from German anti-submarine trawlers UJ.116 and UJ.118. On patrol off Dutch coast at time of threatened German invasion of Britain"
- October 18, 1944 Adolf Hitler orders the establishment of a German national militia.
- October 18, 1944 "Hitler orders the establishment of ""Volkssturm."" Boys between fifteen and eighteen and men between fifty and sixty are drafted into service. The Nazis have to mobilize replacements for 500,000 men."
- October 18, 1944 Soviet troops invade Czechoslovakia during WW II
- October 18, 1944 Soviet Union invades Czechoslovakia.
- October 18, 1945 "A group of the Venezuelan Armed Forces, led by Mario Vargas, Marcos Prez Jimnez and Carlos Delgado Chalbaud, staged a coup d'ett against then president Isaas Medina Angarita, who was overthrown by the end of the day."
- October 18, 1945 The USSR's nuclear program receives plans for the USA's plutonium bomb from Klaus Fuchs at the Los Alamos National Laboratory.
- October 18, 1954 Hurricane Hazel (3rd of 1954) becomes most severe to hit US
- October 18, 1954 Texas Instruments announces the first Transistor radio.
- October 18, 1955 Track & Field names Jesse Owens all-time track athlete
- October 18, 1960 "In Britain, the News Chronicle & Daily Mail merge,"
- October 18, 1960 The London Evening Star merges with the Evening News
- October 18, 1962 Dr Watson (US) & Drs Crick & Wilkins (Britain) win Nobel Prize for Medicine for work in determining structure of DNA
- October 18, 1962 US launches Ranger 5 for lunar impact; misses Moon
- October 18, 1963 IOC votes Mexico City to host 1968 Olympics
- October 18, 1967 Soviet Venera 4 becomes the first probe to send data back from Venus
- October 18, 1967 The Soviet probe Venera 4 reaches Venus and becomes the first spacecraft to measure the atmosphere of another planet.
- October 18, 1967 "Walt Disney's ""Jungle Book"" is released"
- October 18, 1968 "Bob Beamon sets a world record of 8.90m in the long jump at the Mexico City games. This becomes the longest unbroken track and field record in history, standing for 23 years, and is later named by Sports Illustrated magazine as one of the five greatest sporting moments of the 20th century."
- October 18, 1968 Circus Circus opens in Las Vegas
- October 18, 1968 "The U.S. Olympic Committee suspends two black athletes for giving a ""black power"" salute during a victory ceremony at the Mexico City games."
- October 18, 1969 Federal govt bans use of cyclamates artificial sweeteners
- October 18, 1969 Number one hit on UK music charts - Bobby Gentry - I'll Never Fall In Love Again
- October 18, 1969 Soyuz 8 returns to Earth
- October 18, 1973 "Congress authorizes bi-centennial quarter, half-dollar & dollar coin"
- October 18, 1977 German Autumn: a set of events revolving around the kidnapping of Hanns-Martin Schleyer and the hijacking of a Lufthansa flight by the Red Army Faction (RAF) comes to an end when Schleyer is executed and various RAF members allegedly commit suicide. The West German government states that it would never again negotiate with terrorists.
- October 18, 1986 Number one hit on UK music charts - Nick Berry - Every Loser Wins
- October 18, 1989 East German leader Erich Honecker resigns.
- October 18, 1989 US 62nd manned space mission (Atlantis 5) launches into orbit
- October 18, 1991 Azerbaijan declares independence from USSR.
- October 18, 2003 "Bolivian Gas War: President Gonzalo Snchez de Lozada, is forced to resign and leave Bolivia."
- October 18, 2005 Release date for Ensemble Studios computer game Age of Empires III
- October 18, 2007 "After 8 years in exile, Benazir Bhutto returns to her homeland Pakistan. The same night, suicide attackers blow themselves up near Bhutto's convoy, killing over 100 in the cheering crowd, including 20 police officers. Bhutto escaped uninjured."
- October 18, 2009 A boat with 76 migrant workers on board headed for Canada is seized by the Canadian Navy and RCMP off its west coast in the Pacific Ocean.
- October 18, 2009 "A Rwandan doctor working in a French hospital is suspended after a nurse locates an Internet Interpol arrest warrant, accusing him of a 1994 ""genocide, war crimes""."
- October 18, 2009 "At least 60 Taliban militants are killed in an ongoing offensive in South Waziristan, northwest Pakistan."
- October 18, 2009 "Eight people are jailed in Hubei, China, for ""disrupting public order"" after 10,000 people participated in riots following the controversial death of a chef in June."
- October 18, 2009 "Germany and Israel complain about a Bangkok museum billboard depicting a salute by Adolf Hitler beside the slogan ""Hitler is not dead""."
- October 18, 2009 "Hurricane Rick strengthens to a Category 5 storm, becoming the strongest hurricane in a decade in the eastern Pacific Ocean."
- October 18, 2009 Iranian state television says Britain was directly involved in the attack and intended it as a distraction from problems it faces in Afghanistan.
- October 18, 2009 "Iraq accuses neighbouring countries of stealing sections of its national archives, including centuries-old documents."
- October 18, 2009 "Jenson Button wins the 2009 Formula One World Championship in Interlagos, S?o Paulo, Brazil, by finishing fifth in the 2009 Brazilian Grand Prix."
- October 18, 2009 Pishin bombing: Senior commanders of Iran's Revolutionary Guards are among 35 people killed in a suicide bombing in the southeast of the country.
- October 18, 2009 Scotland Yard investigates a complaint about an article by Jan Moir in the UK's Daily Mail tabloid concerning her views on the death of Boyzone singer Stephen Gately.
- October 18, 2009 Seven people are killed and 20 injured after gunmen open fire in a bar in Puerto Rico. (
- October 18, 2009 The Australian Maritime Safety Authority (AMSA) assists Indonesian and Malaysian agencies with two distressed boats.
- October 18, 2009 The Australian state of Queensland declares a state of emergency after more than 50 wildfires burn out of control.
- October 18, 2009 The Icelandic government says it has come to a new agreement with the governments of the Netherlands and the UK over the repaying of $5bn.
- October 18, 2009 The Pakistani charge d'affaires is summoned after Iran says it has evidence the attack had been launched from Pakistani soil.
- October 18, 2009 Two foreign aid workers Sharon Commins and Hilda Kawuki ? one Irish and one Ugandan ? working for the GOAL charity captured in Sudan's Darfur region more than three months ago are released.
- October 18, 2009 Ukraine commences its first presidential election campaign since the 2004 Orange Revolution.
- October 18, 2009 Yemen claims to have killed 18 Shia rebels in fighting in the north of the country.