See what makes October 21 special at Famous Daily.
History, birthdays, holiday, and a quote!
What happened on October 21
- October 21, 0310 St Eusebius ends his reign as Catholic Pope
- October 21, 0686 Conon begins his reign as Catholic Pope
- October 21, 1512 Martin Luther joins the theological faculty of the University of Wittenberg.
- October 21, 1520 Magellan entered the strait which bears his name
- October 21, 1553 Volumes of the Talmud are burned
- October 21, 1600 "Tokugawa Ieyasu defeats the leaders of rival Japanese clans in the Battle of Sekigahara, which marks the beginning of the Tokugawa shogunate, who in effect rule Japan until the mid-nineteenth century."
- October 21, 1774 "First display of the word ""Liberty"" on a flag, raised by colonists in Taunton, Massachusetts and which was in defiance of British rule in Colonial America."
- October 21, 1797 "In Boston Harbor, the 44-gun United States Navy frigate USS Constitution is launched."
- October 21, 1805 "Napoleonic Wars: Austrian General Mack surrenders his army to the Grand Army of Napoleon at Ulm, reaping Napoleon over 30,000 prisoners and inflicting 10,000 casualties on the losers. Ulm was considered to be one of Napoleon's finest hours."
- October 21, 1816 "The Penang Free School is founded in George Town, Penang, Malaysia, by the Rev Hutchings. It is the oldest English-language school in Southeast Asia."
- October 21, 1824 Joseph Aspdin patents Portland cement.
- October 21, 1833 "Alfred Nobel, inventor of dynamite and creator of the peace prize that bears his name, is born."
- October 21, 1854 Florence Nightingale and a staff of 38 nurses were sent to the Crimean War.
- October 21, 1867 "Manifest Destiny: Medicine Lodge Treaty - Near Medicine Lodge, Kansas a landmark treaty is signed by southern Great Plains Indian leaders. The treaty requires Native American Plains tribes to relocate a reservation in western Oklahoma."
- October 21, 1868 "Severe earthquake at 7:53 AM, centered in Hayward, Calif"
- October 21, 1869 First shipment of fresh oysters comes overland from Baltimore
- October 21, 1872 Germany gives the San Juan Islands to the U.S.
- October 21, 1879 "Using a filament of carbonized thread, Thomas Edison tests the first practical electric incandescent light bulb (it lasted 13 hours before burning out)."
- October 21, 1915 "Vera Deakin, daughter of former Prime Minister Alfred Deakin, establishes the Australian Red Cross Missing and Wounded Enquiry Bureau in Cairo, Egypt During the remainder of the war the bureau handled thousands of enquiries from Australian families seeking information about wounded and missing soldiers"
- October 21, 1917 First Americans to see action on the front lines of WW I
- October 21, 1918 Margaret Owen sets world typing speed record of 170 wpm for 1 min
- October 21, 1918 "The Mount Royal Tunnel, Montreal, is opened for regular traffic by the Canadian Northern Railway."
- October 21, 1941 "7000 Serbs were shot in Kragujevac, Serbia by Nazi Germans."
- October 21, 1944 "Prv. Ernest Alva Smith (The Seaforth Highlanders of Canada) wins the Victoria Cross at the Savio River, Italy"
- October 21, 1944 "The first kamikaze attack: HMAS Australia was hit by a Japanese plane carrying a 200 kg (441 pound) bomb off Leyte Island, as the Battle of Leyte Gulf began."
- October 21, 1944 "US troops capture Aachen, first large German city to fall"
- October 21, 1945 Argentine military officer and politician Juan Pern married actress Evita.
- October 21, 1945 Women in France allowed to vote for first time
- October 21, 1945 Women's suffrage: Women are allowed to vote in France for the first time.
- October 21, 1947 "21 die as a fire destroys an asylum in Hoff, Germany."
- October 21, 1948 Facsimile high-speed radio transmission demonstrated in Washington DC
- October 21, 1950 Chinese forces occupy Tibet
- October 21, 1959 The Guggenheim Museum is dedicated in New York City.
- October 21, 1959 US President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs an executive order transferring Wernher von Braun and other German scientists from the United States Army to NASA.
- October 21, 1962 The 1962 Seattle World's Fair (Century 21 Exposition) closes.
- October 21, 1965 "Comet Ikeya-Seki approaches perihelion, passing 450,000 kilometers from the sun."
- October 21, 1966 144 die as a coal waste landslide engulfs a school in S Wales
- October 21, 1966 "Aberfan disaster: A coal tip falls on the village of Aberfan in Wales, killing 144 people, mostly schoolchildren."
- October 21, 1967 Thousands opposing Vietnam War try to storm the Pentagon
- October 21, 1967 "Vietnam War: More than 100,000 war protesters gather in Washington, DC. A peaceful rally at the Lincoln Memorial is followed by a march to The Pentagon and clashes with soldiers and United States Marshals protecting the facility (event lasts until October 23; 683 people were arrested). Similar demonstrations occurred simultaneously in Japan and Western Europe."
- October 21, 1969 A coup d'tat in Somalia brings Siad Barre to power.
- October 21, 1969 Bloodless coup in Somalia (National Day)
- October 21, 1969 "Jack Kerouac, novelist, dies."
- October 21, 1970 777 Unification church couples wed in Korea
- October 21, 1970 Caledonian Airways takes over British United Airways
- October 21, 1973 Fred Dryer of the then Los Angeles Rams becomes the first player in NFL history to score two safeties in the same game.
- October 21, 1973 John Paul Getty III's ear is cut off by his kidnappers and sent to a newspaper in Rome; it doesn't arrive until November 8.
- October 21, 1975 Mexico City's first major subway accident takes 26 lives
- October 21, 1975 "Venera 9, first craft to orbit the planet Venus launched"
- October 21, 1976 American Saul Bellow wins Nobel Prize for Literature
- October 21, 1977 The European Patent Institute is founded.
- October 21, 1978 "Australian civilian pilot Frederick Valentich vanishes in a Cessna 182 over the Bass Strait south of Melbourne, after reporting contact with an unidentified aircraft."
- October 21, 1983 "The metre is defined at the seventeenth General Conference on Weights and Measures in terms of the speed of light as the distance light travels in a vacuum in 1/299,792,458 of a second."
- October 21, 1986 "In Lebanon, pro-Iranian kidnappers claim to have abducted American writer Edward Tracy (he was released in August 1991)."
- October 21, 1987 "Former Miss America Bess Myerson is arrested on charges of bribery, conspiracy, and mail fraud, all involving an alimony-fixing scandal. She is later found not guilty."
- October 21, 1989 "Buck Helm found alive after being buried 4 days, in SF earthquake"
- October 21, 1989 Number one hit on UK music charts - Jive Bunny & The Mastermixers - That's What I Like
- October 21, 1990 "The first Apple Day, is held in Covent Garden, London."
- October 21, 1991 24 die in a fire in Oakland Calif
- October 21, 1994 "In Seoul, 32 people are killed when the Seongsu Bridge collapses."
- October 21, 1995 Dayton Agreement The General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina.
- October 21, 2001 """United We Stand"" benefit concert for September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks victims, held at RFK Stadium in Washington, DC. Event organized and headlined by Michael Jackson, also featuring pop stars Aerosmith, Mariah Carey, The Backstreet Boys, and others."
- October 21, 2002 "Violence in Badlapur, suburb of Mumbai created a tension in the city resulted in a lot of property damage injuring 4 people."
- October 21, 2003 "Images of the dwarf planet Eris are taken and subsequently used in its discovery by the team of Michael E. Brown, Chad Trujillo, and David L. Rabinowitz."
- October 21, 2007 "San Diego County has its worst wildfire disaster in San Diegan history as the Harris and Witch Fires blazed across the county. Together, they have burned at least 200,000 acres (810 km) of land. Only one casualty has been reported."
- October 21, 2008 Jewish Holiday - Shemini Atzeret - No work is permitted.
- October 21, 2009 "A goods train derails east of Poti, Georgia, in an incident described as ""sabotage""."
- October 21, 2009 A Japanese convict who served seventeen years in prison for the murder of a four-year-old girl pleads not guilty during a retrial.
- October 21, 2009 "A report on the discovery of a new species of dinosaur, Fruitadens haagarorum, measuring around 70cm long, is published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society."
- October 21, 2009 "After 10 hours, a man armed with a rifle and wearing military camouflage holding 8 people hostage in downtown Edmonton, Canada during the 2009 Workers Compensation Board of Alberta Hostage crisis surrenders peacefully to the Edmonton Police Service"
- October 21, 2009 "Armed men take six people captive at a Lidl supermarket in Sevran, France."
- October 21, 2009 At least thirteen people die in India's Rajasthan state after the Goa Express crashes into the stationary Mewar Express.
- October 21, 2009 "Azza Transport Flight 2241 crashes on take-off from Sharjah International Airport, in the United Arab Emirates, killing all six crew."
- October 21, 2009 "Former President of South Africa Nelson Mandela denies writing a foreword praising Republic of the Congo President Denis Sassou Nguesso's biography, Straight Speaking for Africa."
- October 21, 2009 "Hundreds of protestors gather in Lima, Peru, as a bill proposing the legalisation of some form of abortion is approved."
- October 21, 2009 "Kyrgyz President Kurmanbek Bakiyev appoints former mayor of Bishkek, Daniar Usenov, as the new Prime Minister following the resignation of his predecessor, Igor Chudinov"
- October 21, 2009 Poland's Prime Minister Donald Tusk agrees to station SM-3 missile interceptors from United States President Barack Obama's reformulated missile defense system on the territory of this NATO ally.
- October 21, 2009 "President of the Marshall Islands Litokwa Tomeing is ousted in the country's first successful vote of no confidence. Ruben Zackhras is appointed acting president until a new election on October 23, 2009."
- October 21, 2009 Russian President Dmitry Medvedev announces plans to curb the number of state companies by privatising some.
- October 21, 2009 "Several people are arrested over a bomb attack in southeastern Iran that killed 42 people, including members of the Revolutionary Guards"
- October 21, 2009 The crypt of Daniel O'Connell at Glasnevin Cemetery in Dublin is refurbished and opened to tourists .
- October 21, 2009 "The International Atomic Energy Agency propose draft agreement for Iran and three world powers to agree, aimed at reducing international concerns over Tehran's nuclear programme."
- October 21, 2009 The Philadelphia Phillies win the 2009 National League Championship Series 4 games to 1 after defeating the Los Angeles Dodgers 10?4.
- October 21, 2009 The United States is to send a rare mission to Burma for talks with the military government.
- October 21, 2011 "End of World prediction - On May 21st,2011 Judgment Day will begin and the rapture (the taking up into heaven of God's elect people) will occur at the end of the 23-year great tribulation. On October 21st,2011 the world will be destroyed by fire (7000 years from the flood; 13,023 years from creation)."