See what makes October 23 special at Famous Daily.
History, birthdays, holiday, and a quote!
What happened on October 23
- October 23, 0042 BC - Roman Republican civil wars: Second Battle of Philippi - Brutus's army is decisively defeated by Mark Antony and Octavian. Brutus commits suicide.
- October 23, 0425 "Valentinian III is elevated as Roman Emperor, at the age of 6."
- October 23, 0502 "The Synodus Palmaris, called by Gothic king Theodoric the Great, discharges Pope Symmachus of all charges, thus ending the schism of Antipope Laurentius."
- October 23, 1086 "A Muslim army from Africa defeats Castile's Alfonso VI October 23 at Zallaka Yusuf ibn Tashfin, Berber leader of the Almoravids, sends cartloads of Christian heads to the chief cities of Spain and Africa's Magrib as evidence of his victory"
- October 23, 1086 "At the Battle of az-Zallaqah, the army of Yusuf ibn Tashfin defeats the forces of Castilian King Alfonso VI."
- October 23, 1157 The Battle of Grathe Heath ends the civil war in Denmark. King Sweyn III is killed and Valdemar I restores the country.
- October 23, 1641 Outbreak of the Irish Rebellion of 1641 - anniversary commemorated by Irish Protestants for over 200 years.
- October 23, 1642 Battle of Edgehill: First major battle of the First English Civil War.
- October 23, 1679 Meal Tub Plot against James II of England
- October 23, 1694 "American colonial forces, led by Sir William Phipps, fail to seize Quebec."
- October 23, 1707 "The first Parliament of Great Britain, i.e., the United Kingdom, meets."
- October 23, 1739 "War of Jenkins' Ear starts: British Prime Minister, Robert Walpole, reluctantly declares war on Spain."
- October 23, 1790 Slaves revolt in Haiti (later suppressed)
- October 23, 1805 "Sailing ship ""Aeneus"" sinks off Newfoundland killing 340"
- October 23, 1812 "Claude Franois de Malet, a French general, begins a conspiracy to overthrow Napoleon Bonaparte, claiming that the Emperor died in Russia and that he was now the commandant of Paris. De Malet is executed on October 29."
- October 23, 1813 "The Pacific Fur Company trading post in Astoria, Oregon is turned over to the rival British North West Company (the fur trade in the Pacific Northwest was dominated for the next three decades by the United Kingdom)."
- October 23, 1855 "Kansas Free State forces set up a competing government under their Topeka, Kansas, constitution, which outlaws slavery in the United States territory."
- October 23, 1864 "Battle of Westport, Missouri"
- October 23, 1864 Union Gen Samuel R Curtis defeats Conf Gen Stirling Price
- October 23, 1867 72 Senators are summoned by Royal Proclamation to serve as the first members of the Canadian Senate.
- October 23, 1870 Franco-Prussian War: the Siege of Metz concludes with a decisive Prussian victory.
- October 23, 1871 Columbia and Sappho (US) beat Livonia (UK) in 3rd America's Cup
- October 23, 1876 New Orleans Mint reopens as an assay office
- October 23, 1906 "Alberto Santos-Dumont flies an airplane in the first heavier-than-air flight in Europe at Champs de Bagatelle, Paris, France."
- October 23, 1910 Blanche Scott became First woman solo a public airplane flight
- October 23, 1911 First use of aircraft in war: An Italian pilot takes off from Libya to observe Turkish army lines during the Turco-Italian War.
- October 23, 1915 "25,000 women march in NYC, demanding right to vote"
- October 23, 1917 Lenin calls for the October Revolution.
- October 23, 1917 "The Canadian Railway War Board holds its first meeting in the Canadian Pacific Boardroom in Windsor Station, Montreal. The name was changed to the Railway Association of Canada in 1919. The RAC represents the interests of all railways operating in Canada."
- October 23, 1927 "City of Netanya, Israel founded"
- October 23, 1929 "Great Depression: After a steady decline in stock market prices since a peak in September, the New York Stock Exchange begins to show signs of panic."
- October 23, 1929 "The first North American transcontinental air service begins between New York City and Los Angeles, California."
- October 23, 1930 "The first miniature golf tournament was completed in Chattanooga, Tennessee."
- October 23, 1932 """Fred Allen Show"" premieres on radio"
- October 23, 1935 "Dutch Schultz, Abe Landau, Otto Berman, and Bernard ""Lulu"" Rosencrantz are fatally shot at a saloon in Newark, New Jersey in what will become known as The Chophouse Massacre."
- October 23, 1941 "Burning of the Odessa, Ukraine, Jews: 19,000 Jews are burned alive at Dalnik in Odessa, by Romanian and German troops. The next day, another 10,000 Jews are killed. Romanian Lieutenant-Colonel Nicolae Deleanu administered the executions."
- October 23, 1941 "Walt Disney's ""Dumbo"" released"
- October 23, 1941 World War II: Field Marshal Georgy Zhukov takes command of Red Army operations designed to prevent the further advance into Russia of German forces and to prevent the German armies from capturing Moscow.
- October 23, 1942 "All 12 passengers and crewmen aboard an American Airlines DC-3 airliner are killed when it is struck by a U.S. Army Air Forces bomber near Palm Springs, California. Among the victims is award-winning composer and songwriter Ralph Rainger (""Thanks for the Memory"", ""Love in Bloom"", ""Blue Hawaii"")."
- October 23, 1942 "During WW II, Britain launches major offensive at El Alamein, Egypt"
- October 23, 1942 "World War II: The Second Battle of El Alamein starts - At El Alamein in northern Egypt, the British Eighth Army under Field Marshal Montgomery begin a critical offensive to expel the Axis armies from Egypt, never to return."
- October 23, 1944 Soviet army invades Hungary
- October 23, 1944 "The largest naval battle in the history of warfare was fought near Leyte Gulf in the Philippines on Oct 23-26, 1944"
- October 23, 1946 UN General Assembly 2nd session convenes (First NYC) (Flushing Meadows)
- October 23, 1947 "NAACP petition on racism, ""An Appeal to the World"" presented to UN"
- October 23, 1954 "Britain, England, France and USSR agree to end occupation of Germany"
- October 23, 1956 Revolt against Stalinist policies began in Hungary
- October 23, 1956 Thousands of Hungarians protest against the goverment and Soviet occupation. (The Hungarian Revolution is crushed on November 4).
- October 23, 1957 "First test firing of Vanguard satellite launch vehicle, TV-3"
- October 23, 1958 "Soviet novelist Boris Pasternak, wins Nobel Prize for Literature"
- October 23, 1958 "The Springhill Mine Bump - An underground earthquake traps 174 miners in the No. 2 colliery at Springhill, Nova Scotia, the deepest coal mine in North America at the time. By November 1, rescuers from around the world had dug out 100 of the victims, marking the death toll at 74."
- October 23, 1958 USSR lends money to UAR to build Aswan High Dam
- October 23, 1963 "The beautiful Diane was born in Chesterfield, Derbyshire UK"
- October 23, 1965 "Vietnam War: The 1st Cavalry Division (United States) (Airmobile), in conjunction with South Vietnamese forces, launch a new operation, seeking to destroy North Vietnamese forces in Pleiku in the II Corps Tactical Zone (the Central Highlands)."
- October 23, 1968 "Kip Keino (Kenya) wins gold medal for 1,500m (3 min 34.9 sec)"
- October 23, 1970 "Gary Gabelich sets auto speed record 622.4 mph (1,002 kph)"
- October 23, 1973 A United Nations sanctioned cease-fire officially ends the Yom Kippur War between Israel and Syria.
- October 23, 1973 Nixon agrees to turn over White House tape recordings to Judge Sirica
- October 23, 1973 The Watergate Scandal: US President Richard M. Nixon agrees to turn over subpoenaed audio tapes of his Oval Office conversations about the scandal.
- October 23, 1977 Panamanians vote 2:1 to approve the new Canal treaties
- October 23, 1980 "Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin resigns, due to illness"
- October 23, 1982 Number one hit on UK music charts - Culture Club - Do You Really Want To Hurt Me
- October 23, 1984 NBC airs BBC footage of Ethiopian famine
- October 23, 1989 "Phillips Disaster in Pasadena, Texas killed 23 and injured 314."
- October 23, 1989 "The Hungarian Republic is officially declared by president Mtys Szrs, replacing the communist Hungarian People's Republic."
- October 23, 1990 Iraq announces release of 330 French hostages
- October 23, 1991 Dr Jack Kevorkian's suicide machine kills 2 women
- October 23, 1992 Emperor Akihito becomes the first Emperor of Japan to stand on Chinese soil.
- October 23, 2001 The first iPod is released.
- October 23, 2002 Moscow Theatre Siege begins: Chechen rebels seize the House of Culture theater in Moscow and take approximately 700 theater-goers hostage.
- October 23, 2004 "Brazil's ""Operation Cajuana"" launches its first rocket into space, the VSB-30, just 14 months after its space program was hit a deadly launch pad accident."
- October 23, 2009 "A huge explosion occurs at an oil refinery in Cata¤o, Puerto Rico."
- October 23, 2009 A huge explosion rips through an upmarket area of Peshawar in Pakistan.
- October 23, 2009 A universal mobile phone charger that works with any handset is approved by the International Telecommunication Union.
- October 23, 2009 "A white Kenyan, Thomas P. G. Cholmondeley, is released after five months of an eight month prison sentence for manslaughter."
- October 23, 2009 "At the end of their three-week synod in the Vatican, more than 200 African Roman Catholic bishops issue a 12-page document urging what they call corrupt political leaders on the continent to repent their sins or resign and criticising multinational companies who exploit and destroy the earth. (BBC) (Reuters) (CBC)"
- October 23, 2009 "Bernard Fellay, Superior General of the Society of St. Pius X, says that the Vatican is considering the possibility of converting the Lefebvrist group into a personal prelature."
- October 23, 2009 "Jean Todt defeats Ari Vatanen in an election to become the new head of the F‚d‚ration Internationale de l'Automobile, replacing former head Max Mosley, who held the position for 16 years"
- October 23, 2009 "The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) launches its first human rights body, the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights"
- October 23, 2009 The Swiss Government says that the United States has formally requested the extradition of film director Roman Polanski for having unlawful sex with an underage girl in 1977.
- October 23, 2009 "The UK GDP contracts by 0.4% between July and September, meaning that the United Kingdom has been contracting for 6 successive quarters for the first time since records were kept in 1955."
- October 23, 2009 "Vitit Muntarbhorn, United Nations Special Rapporteur for North Korea, says the country should improve its ""abysmal"" rights record, adding it should provide food to over 8 million citizens"