See what makes September 12 special at Famous Daily.
History, birthdays, holiday, and a quote!
What happened on September 12
- September 12, 0490 BC - Athens defeats Persia at the Battle of Marathon - see also 12 August; origin of the marathon long-distance race (attributed to Pheidippides)
- September 12, 0490 -BC- Athenians defeat 2nd Persian invasion of Greece at Marathon
- September 12, 1213 "Albigensian Crusade: Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester defeats Peter II of Aragon, the king of Aragon at the Battle of Muret."
- September 12, 1229 "The Aragonese army under the command of James I of Aragon disembarks at Santa Pona, Mallorca, with the purpose of conquering the island."
- September 12, 1649 "Drogheda, Ireland falls to Puritan troops; inhabitants massacred"
- September 12, 1683 Austro-Ottoman War: Battle of Vienna - Several European armies join forces to defeat the Ottoman Empire.
- September 12, 1695 NY Jews petition governor Dongan for religious liberties
- September 12, 1758 Charles Messier observes the Crab Nebula and begins catalog
- September 12, 1814 Battle of North Point fought near Baltimore during War of 1812
- September 12, 1814 Battle of North Point: An American detachment halts the British land advance to Baltimore in the War of 1812.
- September 12, 1846 Elizabeth Barrett elopes with Robert Browning.
- September 12, 1848 Switzerland became a Federal state.
- September 12, 1857 "423 die when the ship named ""Central America"" sinks off Cape Romain SC"
- September 12, 1857 "The SS Central America sinks about 160 miles east of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, drowning a total of 426 passengers and crew, including Captain William Lewis Herndon. The ship carried 13-15 tons of gold from the San Francisco Gold Rush."
- September 12, 1874 "e District of Maple Ridge, British Columbia, Canada is founded."
- September 12, 1874 "The District of Maple Ridge, British Columbia, Canada is founded."
- September 12, 1890 Salisbury is founded by the British South Africa Company in the Mashonaland territory that will become Rhodesia
- September 12, 1890 "Salisbury, Rhodesia, is founded."
- September 12, 1895 Defender (US) beats Valkyrie III (England) in 10th America's Cup
- September 12, 1897 Battle of Saragarhi
- September 12, 1901 Arabs attack Gedara Palestine
- September 12, 1906 "Newport Transporter Bridge is opened in Newport, South Wales by Viscount Tredegar."
- September 12, 1910 "Premiere performance of Gustav Mahler's 8th symphony in Munich (with a chorus of 852 singers, with an orchestra of 171 players. Mahler's rehearsal assistant conductor was Bruno Walter)"
- September 12, 1918 "During WW I, US forces launch an attack on German-occupied St Mihiel"
- September 12, 1918 "Sgt. Henry John Laurent, 3rd NZ (Rifle) Brigade, won the Victoria Cross at Gouzeacourt Wood France"
- September 12, 1920 7th Olympic games close in Antwerp Belgium
- September 12, 1923 Britain takes over Southern Rhodesia from British South Africa Co
- September 12, 1928 "Katharine Hepburn's NY stage debut in ""Night Hostess"""
- September 12, 1930 Wilfred Rhodes ends his 1110-game first-class career by taking 5 for 95 for H.D.G. Leveson Gower's XI against the Australians.
- September 12, 1933 "Le Szilrd, waiting for a red light on Southampton Row in Bloomsbury, conceives the idea of the nuclear chain reaction."
- September 12, 1933 "Leó Szilárd, waiting for a red light on Southampton Row in Bloomsbury, conceives the idea of the nuclear chain reaction."
- September 12, 1934 "Baltic Pact signed by Lithuania, Estonia and Latvia"
- September 12, 1938 Adolf Hitler demands autonomy for the Germans of the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia.
- September 12, 1938 Adolph Hitler demands self-determination for Sudeten Germans in Czech
- September 12, 1940 49 die and 200 injured when Hercules Powder Co plant explodes (NJ)
- September 12, 1940 "Cave paintings discovered in Lascaux, France."
- September 12, 1940 "The Hercules Powder Company in Kenvil, New Jersey explodes, killing 51 people and injuring over 200."
- September 12, 1941 First German ship in WW2 captured by US ship (Busko)
- September 12, 1942 World War II: First day of the Battle of Edson's Ridge during the Guadalcanal campaign. U.S. Marines protecting Henderson Field on Guadalcanal are attacked by Imperial Japanese Army forces.
- September 12, 1942 "World War II: RMS Laconia, carrying civilians, Allied soldiers and Italian POWs is torpedoed off the coast of West Africa and sinks."
- September 12, 1944 World War II: The liberation of Serbia from Nazi Germany and the Chetniks continues. Bajina Bata in western Serbia is among those liberated cities.
- September 12, 1947 The U.S. Screen Actors Guild implements an anti-Communist loyalty oath.
- September 12, 1948 "Invasion of the State of Hyderabad by the Indian Army on the day after the Pakistani leader Jinnah's death to limit damage control. It lead to genocide of nearly 40,000 Hyderabadi Muslims by the Indian Army and Hindu mobs."
- September 12, 1953 Jacqueline Bouvier marries John F Kennedy
- September 12, 1953 Nikita Khrushchev is elected first secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.
- September 12, 1959 Bonanza premiers. First regularly-scheduled TV program presented in color.
- September 12, 1959 Luna 2 launched by USSR; first spacecraft to impact on the Moon
- September 12, 1959 "The Television show ""Bonanza"" premiers"
- September 12, 1963 Number one hit on UK music charts - The Beatles - She Loves You
- September 12, 1964 "First football game at Shea Stadium, Jets defeat Denver 30-6"
- September 12, 1964 "Typhoon Gloria strikes Taiwan killing 330, with $17.5 million damage"
- September 12, 1965 Hurricane Betsy strikes Florida and Louisiana kills 75
- September 12, 1966 """The Monkees,""premier on NBC"
- September 12, 1966 Gemini XI launched for 71-hour flight
- September 12, 1970 Number one hit on UK music charts - Smokey Robinson & The Miracles - Tears Of A Clown
- September 12, 1970 "Palestinian terrorists blow up three hijacked airliners in Jordan, continuing to hold the passengers hostage in various undisclosed locations in Amman."
- September 12, 1970 USSR launches Luna 16; returns samples from lunar Sea of Fertility
- September 12, 1974 Coup overthrows Emperor Haile Selassie in Ethiopia (National Day)
- September 12, 1974 Juventude Africana Amilcar Cabral is founded in Guinea-Bissau.
- September 12, 1977 South African anti-apartheid activist Steve Biko is killed in police custody.
- September 12, 1979 Indonesia is hit with an earthquake that measures 8.1 on the Richter scale.
- September 12, 1980 Military coup in Turkey
- September 12, 1983 "A Wells Fargo depot in West Hartford, Connecticut, United States, was robbed of approximately US$7 million by Los Macheteros ."
- September 12, 1983 Security guard Victor Gerena robs West Hartford company of $7 million
- September 12, 1983 USSR vetoes UN resolution deploring its shooting down of Korean plane
- September 12, 1984 Country singer Barbara Mandrell is badly injured in a car accident
- September 12, 1986 240.49 million shares traded in the NY Stock Exchange
- September 12, 1986 US professor Joseph Cicippio is kidnapped and held hostage in Beirut
- September 12, 1988 "Gilbert, strongest hurricane ever (160 mph), devastates Jamaica"
- September 12, 1990 "The two German states and the Four Powers sign the Treaty on the Final Settlement With Respect to Germany in Moscow, paving the way for German re-unification."
- September 12, 1990 "US, England, France, USSR, East and West Germanys sign agreements allowing the 2 Germanys to merge"
- September 12, 1991 Space shuttle STS 48 (Discovery 14) launched
- September 12, 1992 "Abimael Guzmn, leader of the Shining Path, is captured by Peruvian special forces; shortly thereafter the rest of Shining Path's leadership fell as well."
- September 12, 1992 "Abimael Guzmán, leader of the Shining Path, is captured by Peruvian special forces; shortly thereafter the rest of Shining Path's leadership fell as well."
- September 12, 1992 "NASA launches Space Shuttle Endeavour on STS-47 which marked the 50th shuttle mission. On board is Mae Carol Jemison, the first African-American woman in space."
- September 12, 1994 "Frank Eugene Corder crashes a Cessna 150 into the White House's south lawn, striking the West wing and killing himself."
- September 12, 1996 Rocky Mountain Railtours runs the longest passenger train in Canadian history. Three GP40 locomotives hauled 34 cars from Vancouver to Kamloops.
- September 12, 2001 "Ansett Australia, Australia's first commercial interstate airline, collapses due to increased strain on the international airline industry leaving 10000 people unemployed."
- September 12, 2001 "Article V of the NATO agreement is invoked for only the second time (the other being in Bosnia) in response to the September 11, 2001 attacks against the United States of America."
- September 12, 2003 The United Nations lifted sanctions against Libya after that country agreed to accept responsibility and recompense the families of victims in the 1988 bombing of Pan Am Flight 103.
- September 12, 2005 A blackout in Los Angeles affects millions of Californians.
- September 12, 2005 "Hong Kong Disneyland opens in Penny's Bay, Lantau Island, Hong Kong."
- September 12, 2005 "The red-green coalition, led by Jens Stoltenberg, wins the Norwegian parliamentary election, taking 87 of 169 seats in the parliament."
- September 12, 2007 "An earthquake that measures 8.4 on the Richter scale occurred off the coast of Indonesia, producing a small tsunami."
- September 12, 2007 Former Philippine President Joseph Estrada was convicted for the crime of plunder.
- September 12, 2007 Shinzo Abe announced he resigns as Prime Minister of Japan.
- September 12, 2008 "Chatsworth California Metrolink train crash kills 25, injures hundred - USA"